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Biography of Jeppe Aakjaer (1866-1930)


Poet, Narrator and journalist Danish Flye (on the peninsula of Jutland)-born on September 10, 1866 and died in Jenle, April 22, 1930. In his narrative work both lyrical production reflected the Customs and ways of life of the rural population, which defended hard exploitation up to become one of the leading figures of the early twentieth century Danish intellectual scene.

Born in a humble rural family who lives in the countryside of Jutland, lived a happy childhood that, walking time, through fertile riverbeds of the memory, would dispense his literary production of abundant anecdotes and topics related to life in the countryside. As it grew, the future writer was also becoming aware of existing social inequalities between the powerful oligarchy landowner and the peasant mass, at the time that was reaffirming in the inherited religious beliefs of their elders, who responded to the Christian dogma. Thus, in his work it appear directly related to memories of his native land and his firm religious convictions, which were at the time one of the main hallmarks of the agrarian population in Jutland.

A humanistic vocation accused set aside, however, the young Jeppe Aakjaer of the trade of his ancestors to lead you directly to the capital of the country, where they began to live writing thanks to the literary articles was published in the mainstream media. Soon befriended, in Copenhagen, some of the key figures in the culture of his time, among them the great critic and biographer Georg Brandes, under whose teaching were blooming the first works of Aakjaer, encouraged the radical political ideology of that displayed by the master. Thus the things, in the middle of the first decade of the 20th century saw the light the first great novel of the writer of Jutland, entitled Vredens Born (son of anger, 1904), which soon became one of the biggest milestones that mark the contemporary Danish literature. The harshness with which Jeppe Aakjaer described in its pages the oppression to which the peasant population of the country, barely sweetened by the nostalgic recreation of the landscape of his childhood, living subject moved to the critics and readers of Denmark and allowed Aakjaer name to bankrupt their country's borders. Consecrated, thereafter, as one of the most influential in the intellectual circles of Copenhagen alive, the narrator of Jutland surprised readers with the publication the following year of the emergence of children of wrath, of a splendid collection of poems entitled Fri Felt (outfield, 1905), soon followed by a new collection of verses whichpublished under the title of Rugens Sange (songs of rye, 1906), was called to become one of the best books of poems of his time. In both poems, Jeppe Aakjaer returned to themes, environments and reasons for life in the countryside, but now focused from a point of view less committed to social criticism, and very close to the religious Psalms and traditional tunes that were, in large part, all the lyrical acquis of the inhabitants of the agro.

The splendid obsessive reception by critics and readers to these two collections of verse, added to the popularity that had already acquired Aakjaer thanks to his famous novel, again place the writer of Jutland in the epicenter of cultural life in Copenhagen. But hardly had passed a year since exit to chants of rye Street, when the longing for rural life that both defended and celebrated in his writings won the affection found in the literary gossip in the capital and drove back to Jeppe Aakjaer to its native peninsula, where settled to spend the rest of his days there.

Seated, then definitely in his beloved Jutland, the Danish writer continued deploying a brilliant narrative activity that, embodied in some novels as interesting as Hvor Bonder bor (inhabited by peasants, 1908) and Arbejdets Glaede (the joy of work, 1914), continued celebrating the virtues of the rock life, without neglecting thus the ideological burden, putting all its emphasis on the exaltation of Christian values. Its popularity was on the rise thanks to the diffusion of their prose and poetry by all layers of the social spectrum Danish, from the humble dough of the agricultural proletarians (which, illiterate are mostly indulged in hear, learn and recite poems of Aakjaer, memory as if they form part of the folk legacy received from their elders) to the higher spheres of the urban intelligentsiain which the scope of social complaints launched by the writer of Jutland in his novels found such an impact as emotion produced the freshness and simplicity of his lyrical compositions. Especially celebrated in Copenhagen was the latest volume of poems of Jeppe Aakjaer, published - nine years before the disappearance of its author - titled Vejr og Vind og Folksind (air, wind and popular humor, 1921).

Generally speaking, the literary production of Aakjaer does not depart an iota of the generic and thematic channels that were in force in the Danish letters of his time. In the Nordic country, the passage of 19th century to the 20th century did not introduce any violent rupture with traditional models, by what followed fashionable taste for local traditions (thus, v. gr., in the works of Henrik Pontoppidan and Johannes Wilhelm Jensen) and concern for the social (as in the narratives of Martin Andersen Nexö) issues. Both trends are two of the main signs of identity of the literary corpus of the writer of Jutland.


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