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Biography of Pedro Abad Santos (1875-1944)


Filipino revolutionary politician, born in San Fernando (Pampanga, Luzon province) in 1875 and died in Manila in 1944, founding Socialist Party, which joined the defense of the filipino peasantry independence aspiration and introduced the idea of the Marxist revolution as a way to solve social injustice in the country.

Pedro Abad Santos was born in the bosom of a wealthy family of seven siblings, the youngest of whom, José, was also famous as jurist and politician. He received an education privileged in the prestigious colegio San Juan de Letran and Athenaeum of the Philippine capital, before enrolling in the University of Santo Tomas where he studied law. However, at the outbreak of the war against the United States he left temporarily textbooks and a teacher work to join the independence army, which served the post of Secretary of the General staff of the general Hizón. In the course of a match was taken prisoner and sentenced to death, a penalty which was commuted by the twenty-five years of hard labor after several appeals. His facility for languages earned him exercise interpreter in jail to get an early release, in 1903, returning then to his law studies.

In 1907 he became the official examinations of the College of lawyers, and that same year won the post of Justice of the peace in his hometown. In the exercise of the legal profession, he soon began to highlight the rights of the peasantry against the abuses of proprietary classes; his mastery of several languages (French, German, classical languages) also became you an intellectual character of the first order, whose wide culture and advanced social ideas caused a sensation among the circles of the country illustrated. Already in a prestigious lawyer and owner of a local newspaper, developed in 1916 agreed to a seat of the new Philippine, being re-elected in the two following elections Assembly, and was a member of paths commissions of independence, in 1918 and 1922. Despite the proven value, the political career of Pedro Abad Santos was quickly truncated due to constraints of the system toward a politician of marked progressive ideas and dominated by a land-owning class wary of losing their privileges if opened the Parliament to the people.

In 1927 was defeated by Sotero Buluyut in the election for Governor of Pampanga, which led him to radicalize their position and to found the party of the Union of workers of the Philippines (Aguman ding Talapagobra ning Philippines) or party socialist Filipino (1929). Coinciding with a rise in social protests and government repression phase, Abad Santos emerged as is the ideological leader of the nascent Philippine left, although it should be clarified that this did not achieve sufficient entity as to become a mass phenomenon, given the socio-economic conditions of the Islands. Looking for acquire stronger, in 1938 he merged his party with the Communist led by Crisanto Evangelista and Jacinto Manahan, but social policies of President Quezón and then the Japanese invasion largely foiled schemes of this sort of popular front.


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