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Biography of Alexandr Onísimovich Ablésimov (1742-1783)


Poet, playwright and Russian journalist, born in Kostroma in 1742 and died in Moscow in 1783. To sign his literary works, he served on occasions of the pseudonym of Azazez Azazézov.

Belonging to a family of small landowners, did not receive an education too deep or careful. It began from a young age, working as a copyist, but soon opted for a military career, which reached, during campaign against Georgia (in 1770) General Staff Officer grade. Once retired from military life, he worked in a Moscow court.

His first poems, clearly influenced by the work of Sumarokov - who worked as a scribe-were published in the literary magazine which it had founded, the industrious bee. Among them, some loose epigrams and, above all, entitled Elegy "goodbye my intimate desires". He also showed clear traces of his master in the Fables that, in 1769, published under the title of tales in verse. Subsequently, the drone magazine - published by Novikov- ushered in a series of satires of Ablesimov, collected under the heading of events and composed between 1679 and 1770.

But literary fame came from his dedication to the dramatic creation. After the drafting of a first comedy that did not see released (parrandero Deacon, 1769), wrote a comic opera, put in scene in 1779 with music by M. Sokolovski, is considered by much of the criticism as the first national vaudeville in Russian language. It is the piece entitled the Miller Witcher, the scoundrel and his friend, comic opera in three acts, inspired by French sources (particularly, in Le devin du village, j. B. Rousseau). This work, well remembered by his magnificent portrait of the habits of his compatriots, is a first attempt to move away from the railway rules of classicism, thanks to the introduction of realistic elements and the use of a popular language and - on occasions - discreetly obscene. His success justified that in 1792, she returned to tables accompanied by a new sheet music signed by E. Fomín.

Encouraged by the success of this piece, Ablesimov wrote other two comic operas: lucky draw (1780) and military campaign (1780). That same year, he also published a satirical dialogue entitled walkers. In 1781, he embarked on a publishing project in the magazine known as the Rapporteur of entertaining Fables that serve as reading hours of boredom and entertainment. The failure of these latest literary attempts--including as Pilgrim publication - brought him the extreme poverty in which surprised the death in 1783.


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