American philosopher, born in New York on December 28, 1902 and died on June 28, 2001. He studied at Columbia University and subsequently taught psychology at the same University (1923-1929). He was also Professor of philosophy of law at the University of Chicago between 1930 and 1952. That same year he moved to San Francisco to address in that city the Institute for philosophical research, of which he is founder.
The main philosophical contribution of Adler fits in the scope of the dialectic; even though it includes in the same original and personal considerations in some respects, their position in others is near much of which defended Plato and Aristotle, particularly in the relationship they establish between dialectic and dialogue. In his first book, Dialectic (1927), proposes the creation of a Summa dialectic which could present the works of the philosophers of history as if interventions in a dialogue developed over three millennia is treated.
It has also in its production with a work related to the field of ethics (The Conditions of Philosophy, of 1965). He was associate editor of the Great Books of the Western World, published in 54 volumes between 1945 and 1952, as well as The Annals of America Chief Editor (20 vols., 1969) and director of planning for the fifteenth edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1974).