Chilean writer, born in Valparaíso in 1884 and died in Santiago de Chile in 1963. After first studying in Lima, he joined in 1889 in the military school of Chile. Three years later he returned to Lima since the death of his father - when he was nineteen years - forced him to have to make a living with their own work; This need led to touring America as a merchant, Expeditionary in the gomeras, mines, seller of stoves, disciple of an athlete's circus, etc.
In 1909 he began working at the University of Chile and in 1925, was appointed curator of the National Library of intellectual property while it officiating of stenographer in the Chamber of Deputies. He started in journalism at the newspaper La Mañana, worked as a theater critic in the magazine Zig Zag and also collaborated in publications Pacific Magazine and pen and pencil; This last was an important artistico-literaria magazine that competed with light and shade, directed by D'Halmar and Melossi snapshots. In 1927 he was appointed Director of libraries and assumed the position of Education Minister for a brief period. In 1953 he returned to play this role and the Director General of libraries, where remained until his retirement in 1960. He also collaborated in the newspaper La Nación. Moved away from the capital for several years to deal with Lagunillas, a large rural property he owned in the region known as cajón del Maipo; He later served administrator tasks in the La Marquesa, a large property located in the interior of San Antonio.
Districts combined these activities with the writing and publication of his short stories, novels and plays, which, he received the national prize for literature in 1946, as well as membership in the Academia Chilena de la Lengua in 1953.
All his literary production is dotted with touches of costumbrismo, epica, descriptions of nature and psychological analysis of the middle class. Among its multiple and varied work, notably: the collections of short stories and short novels of the Natural (1907), the boy who went mad of love (1915), the most successful of the author, a lost (1917), pages of a poor Devil (1923); the merchants in the temple (1910) plays; By decorum (1913), which disclaims life (1913) and live (1916); as well as the novels Great Lord and Rajadiablos (1948) and the men of man (1950).
His first work of the Natural is made according to the naturalistic elements, hence its name. However, the rest of his work was not framed in this trend that own it, determinism is not present but yes it maintained the features of observation, especially in terms of the psychology of the characters, parallel to a very good use of language.
Merchants in the temple was winner of the centenary of independence. Then appeared his famous novel El Niño that crazy love, work fine and delicate, occasionally very poetic and that clear modernist traits can be tracked. With skill, get to delve into the personality of the main character: a boy in love of an adult woman who suffers from the lack of understanding of it. Feelings and experiences are printed in his "diary". The story ends in tragedy and the reader, at this point involved with the young person, feels a deep shock. Another text that was accepted, by their simple, flexible, common but refined language and without excesses of any kind is the brother ass. His work great Lord and Rajadiablos, which won the Athena Award, is the fruit of his peasant experience. Stands out the figure of José Pedro Valverde, rural hero, landowner old Conqueror and accustomed to command, "rajadiablos" in his youth representing law and order in the feudal manner, facing the law positive. In it there is an interpretation of the social, historical, geographical and human realities of the environment in which it operates.His latest novel, the man of men, is a conversation inside of a man with himself told through a personal diary which serves to address the study of moods and delve into the complexities of personality, perhaps a reflection that the author made about itself and about what humanity means in its most profound sense.
R. salinas / A. Harambour