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Biography of Ferdinand Bruckner (1891-1958)


Writer and Austrian stage director, born in Sofia (Bulgaria) in 1891, and died in Berlin in 1958. His father was an important Jewish banker who settled in Vienna, city in which Bruckner spent his childhood for a long time. In 1911, Bruckner, moved to Berlin, where he worked as a journalist and a publisher reader. Between 1917 and 1919 he edited the journal Marsyas. In 1922 he founded the Renaissance theatre of Berlin, which he directed until 1927. In 1933 he emigrated to Switzerland, later to Paris and, finally, to the United States. In 1953 he returned definitively to Berlin.

His first literary works are marked by expressionism. In the drama entitled Krankheit aus der Jugend (youth, 1929 disease), Bruckner manages to break definitively with the past, and that while the work, which has as its central theme the desperate situation of a young postwar no past and no future, presents even multiple expressionist character traits. Die Verbrecher (criminals), which has as its central axis "injustices" of which we know as "justice" is also from that same year. His most famous work, Elisabeth von England (Isabella of England), was represented for the first time in 1930. In 1933 wrote, as a reaction to power of Hitler, the work of anti-fascist tone Die Rassen (races). During the years of emigration was devoted mainly to discuss historical, as in Napoleon der Erste (Napoleón I, 1936). After the war tried to rehabilitate the genre of tragedy according to the classic, as in the works of Der Tod einer Puppe (the death of a doll, 1956) and Der Kampf mit dem Engel (the fight with the angel, 1956).

Bruckner is located between two clear movements: mentioned Expressionism and new realism, but perhaps so most highlighted has been without doubt by the rediscovery that made the possibilities of simultaneous stage, and thus in his works the psychological configuration of the individual is much more important than action and content.

Other works are: rudder (rudder, 1932), Heroische Komödie (heroic comedy, 1945), Pyrrhus und Andromache (Pyrrhus and Andromache, 1951).


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