Politician, orator and Mexican journalist born in city of Mexico in 1874 and died in the same place in 1924. He studied engineering and was a professor at the National School of engineering. Federal deputy and Senator in the Government of Porfirio Díaz, was a member of various committees on mining, banking, monetary issues and public finance. He taught meteorology and political economy in the College of mines and in high school. In 1874 he was appointed chronicler and observer for the Comisión mexicana, sent to Japan to study the transit of the planet Venus by the Sun disk. After that trip he published his first book: on the northern hemisphere, eleven thousand leagues under the sea. Impressions of travel... (1875). many of his works provoked controversy and rebuttals, as the real Juárez (1904) and Juárez and the revolution of Ayutla and reform.
In his later years, he wrote in the newspaper El Universal, from whose columns attacked the regime emerged from the revolution of 1910. Other two major works were the big lies of our nation and the war of independence.