Novelist, humorist, and "philosophical writer" English. He was born near Bingham (County of Nottingham), and died in London. Versatile man, since he also cultivated the painting, music, and life sciences. By family tradition, he was inclined to pursue religious studies, but after a spiritual crisis, he moved to New Zealand, where he stayed between 1860 and 1864, dedicated to the breeding of sheep. Once back in London, talks with her spiritual roommate Mary Anne Savage led him to write a series of books in which criticized the educational system and the traditions and the religious-moral conformity of English society; include Erewhon, further Erewhon return and the way of the flesh, where her friend Mary Anne appears as Alethea; virtually all of the books published during this period ran by the author himself. Their travel, highlights which made by Italy, a country whose traditions, customs and artworks reflected in several of his works, such as Alps and sanctuaries of Piedmont and the canton Ticino or also Ex voto. Butler was a loner, despite his many travels, he remained unmarried and did not belong to any club, so in vogue in England; also, had a particular way of contemplating the world: and so, in his work life and custom, where studies of biology who had completed only reflected as an amateur, was opposed to the theory darwinists; Similarly reflected his unique temperament philological field, as in his work on the origin of dish of the Odyssey, the author of the Odyssey, or the "Humour" of Homer presented the astonishing hypothesis that Odyssey had been written by a Sicilian woman. The admiration that felt by Haendel, led him to also compose pieces of music in the style of this great musician. Butler influenced to greater or lesser extent on authors such as Walpole, Wells, Galsworthy and Orwell, and today it is considered a classic, comparable to writers of the stature of Sterne and Swift, although his work was not well understood among its even, and had to be g. B. Shaw who although it.