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Biography of Ramond de Carbonnières (1755-1827)


Naturalist, botanist, geologist and physicist born in Strasbourg on January 4, 1755 and died in Paris on May 14, 1827, who devoted all his life to study, explore and publicize the Pyrenees; in fact, it is known as one of the great pireneistas of history.

The Pyrenees.

His first encounter with the natural landscape of the mountain range of the Pyrenees was completely casual: towards the year 1787, as Secretary of the Bishop Duque de Rohan, accompanied him until his exile in Bareges. At the time, different points of the central massif of the Pyrenees were already pretty known for cures offered their spas.

After this first contact, Ramond de Carbonnières toured the highest areas of this mountain range, from the Cirque de Gavarnie to the Maladeta massif, to know the State of the glaciers, little studied by that time.

Glacier tongue.

The north face of Monte Perdido (3,355 m), at whose feet rests a circular glacier that so-called small lake ice cream of the Monte Perdido is discovered in one of his expeditions.

Massif of the Monte Perdido in Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park.

In 1802, and in the company of two French guides, he managed to tread on Monte Perdido. After he ascended to the mythical Brèche de Roland, a real feat if one takes into account low cartography, zero information and rudimentary equipment that had the mountaineers of the time.

He died in Paris on May 14, 1827, after a small foray into politics.

Since 1872 the pico Añisclo (3,263 m), located next to the cylinder of Marboré and Monte Perdido, is also known, in his honor, and thanks to Franz Schrader, as pico Soum de Ramond. Also named a flower, the Pyrenees ramonda (Ramonda myconi); This plant, known popularly as 'bear ear', is regarded as a characteristic of tropical climates of tertiary fossil. It appears in very shady and damp limestone crags, as well as in the inner areas of fresh forests.

All his observations about the Pyrenees reflected them in his works Observations faites dans les Pyrénées and Voyages au mount Perdu. The latter was reissued in 2002 by the national parks autonomous organism.

Links on the Internet

http://www.mma.es/parques/oapn/; Official website of the autonomous organism national parks.


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