English Surgeon, born October 19, 1688 in Somerby (Leicestershire) and died April 10, 1752 in Bath, well known for the skill and speed with which practiced its operations. He was also Professor of Anatomy and author of several works, one of them used as a textbook for medical students for many years.
He acquired a large formation in the Saint Thomas Hospital in London, where he was very well instructed by the anatomist William Cowper in 1703, among others, and gave many lectures of anatomy. One years later, Cheselden was appointed Assistant surgery in the same hospital and in 1712 became a member of the Royal Society of London, and he was also foreign member of the Academy of Sciences of Paris. In 1727 he became surgeon of the Queen Carolina.
He carried out numerous operations and wrote several monographic books, with illustrations of great beauty on the bones which, together with the obstetrician William Hunter atlas Albinius various treaties on general Anatomy, are among the most important of the season.
The first and most important work of Cheselden was The Anatomy of the Human Body (1713), a major work of reference for medical students. Then published at teatrise on the Operation for the Stone (1723), which reflects the successful results of an operation for the removal of stones. In 1733 he published Osteographia or the Anatomy of Bones, a full and correct description of human bones.
Cheselden described, years later, a surgical method for the lithotomy or stone extraction through a peritoneal incision, which reduced the mortality of patients by 10%. This azaña led him to the appointment of "first litotomista" Westminster (district of London), and Saint George and Saint Thomas hospitals. Cheselden was also one of the pioneers in the struggle for the dissolution of the company of barbers and surgeons. Thus, established independent form the company of surgeons in 1745, which later became the Royal College of Surgeons of England.