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Biography of Salvador Cisneros Betancourt (1828-1914)


Cuban politician born in Camagüey February 10, 1828 and died in Havana on February 28, 1914. Son of a well-to-do family, inherited the title of Marquis of Santa Lucia. Supporter of independence for his country, was President on two occasions.

Its aristocratic origin left him countless wealth, that spent on the cause of the independence of Cuba, to the point of losing even his title of nobility. He was involved in the war of the ten years (1868-78), during which freed their slaves and put their property at the service of the Cuban cause. He acted as leader of the civil government established by the revolutionaries.

Being a member of the constituent Assembly of Guáimaro in 1869, he was elected to be part of the House of representatives; When the President Cespedes was ceased in 1873, it was named Cisneros-President of the Republic in arms. During the war of independence, the provisional President was José Martí who, however, not enjoyed too much power since the decisions were taken by the military ordering the revolutionary armies.

After the intervention of the United States, Cuba won long-awaited independence from the Spanish Government and the Cubans organized a constitutional Convention to form the new Government. At that time, Cuba was being invaded by the Americans, and the General American Wood kept the control of the island. Cuban politicians raised is the choice of integrating the Platt Amendment in the Cuban Constitution or otherwise. In this situation, Cisneros showed his revolutionary conduct challenging the Platt Amendment. From his position as delegate of the constituent Assembly (1900-01), scanned one one the articles of amendment and showed the damage incurred to Cuba if there was to be implemented at the same time it destapaba its internal contradictions.

He was elected President of the first Republican Cuba directed from 1895 until 1897. As a politician, he proposed and defended the eight hour day, the right to strike, and equal rights for women, among other things. At the end of his term as President of Cuba withdrew permanently from political life.

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