King of Israel, born in Bethlehem, was son of Jesse (Jesse) and Squire and head of a part of the army of Saul, charge that maybe obtained by killing the giant Goliath or by his skill with the harp to comfort the melancholy of the King. The popularity of David, married the second daughter of King Saul, called Mikal, aroused the jealousy of this, which tried to get rid of David, even through murder. Therefore had to flee, after several episodes and incidents (be pretended even crazy) into the wilderness of Judah, where occasionally was in the service of the Philistines with their King Akish of Gath. After the death of Saul, David as King could be imposed in Hebron, and then, after the civil war and the assassination of the heir of Saul, Eshbaal, was recognized King of all Israel.
Made of Jerusalem, which took the jebusites, its capital, which moved the Ark of the Covenant. David focused its policy in making Israel a nation, forging a coalition of all the tribes. He tried to create a centralized administrative body and a standing army, besides reorganize aspects of the cult, led by Sadoq and Abiatharthe priests. He could submit to almost all of Palestine, and even Edom, Moab, and Ammon. He maintained friendly relations with shot, especially with Hiram I, and received tribute from the Aramaeans, who, sent by Hadad'Ezer, could defeat.
His personal life, characterized by the faith and piety toward Yahweh, presents some facts that tarnished the sheen of his reign, the most prosperous of the history of Israel: nine wives, as well as his concubines; the official Hittite Uriah 's death to take as wife Bathsheba ; rape of Tamar by her brother Amnón; rebellion and death of Absalom; intrigue in their last years of life for the possession of the throne by his fourth son, Adonijah, dyed Haggit.
David contributed to the cultural flourishing of the Kingdom, highlighted in the field of music and the poetry and composed 73 Psalms (the number is discussed), as well as a hymn, some lamentations, dedicated to Saul and Jonathan, Abner, and the so-called testament of David. He was succeeded by his son Solomon. In 1993 was discovered in Tell Dan, in the North of Israel, an inscription in Aramaic, on a rock, with the appointment of "the House of David" and the "King of Israel". This text constitutes the first non-biblical confirmation of the dynasty of David.