Politician and Canadian lawyer, born on September 18, 1895, in Grey County, belonging to Ontario (Canada), and died on August 16, 1979, in Ottawa. His political career reached its peak when he was elected to the post of Prime Minister in 1957, since he held until 1963, which was the break with more than two decades of liberal government.
Diefenbaker attended college at the University of Saskatchewan, where he graduated in law. Their first actions made their way to the launch and promotion of his career as a lawyer, but he immediately took contact with the conservative party and became one of its members. In 1940 he was elected for the electoral district of Lake Central, representative in the House of Commons. Since 1948, their desire to become leader of the party, leadership that did not reach until 1956 he pursued with perseverance. A year later, he led his party to an election victory without majority, which in 1958 became a victory without precedent, get two hundred eight of two hundred and sixty-five seats in the Legislative Assembly. As Prime Minister succeeded the liberal Louis Saint Laurent. Military relations with the United States and the important ministerial crises that resulted were the Achilles heel that ended with its parliamentary majority in the general elections of 1962, so Diefenbaker was forced to call an early election a year later. In 1967 he resigned from the party leadership after eleven years, approximately, of leadership. He was succeeded by Robert Stanfield, although it continued to maintain his seat in the Chamber until the day of his death, on August 16, 1979.