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Biography of Erich von Falkenhayn (1861-1922)


Military and German politician born in 1861 and died in 1922. Destined by his family to his military career, he came to serve in the army of the II Reich, following the reform carried out by the kaiser Guillermo II in 1889, with the rank of Captain of infantry. Precisely the own kaiser would be his main mentor, then, within its policy to get rid of the former employees of his father (as has already occurred with the Chancellor Bismarck, forced to resign in 1890), Falkenhayn was the military chose Guillermo II to replace other veterans of the Prussian splendor, Marshal Helmut von Moltke, and took charge of his duties in the army from 1895 until 1905 untilFinally, was replaced at the head of the Ministry of war in 1913, just when Germany began serious preparations for the imminent war.

At the head of his ministerial portfolio, the career of the German army weapons increase met a spectacular boom, which earned him, by way of recognition, which replaced once more to marshal Moltke in front of the headquarters of the General staff of the army in 1914, at the beginning of the first world war. The first step of Falkenhayn was the preparation of the offensive against Russia (1915), as well as the invasion of Serbia (1916). However, at the beginning of 1916 began the veiled accusations and disputes between Falkenhayn and two other members of the General staff, the General von Hindenburg and Ludendorff. The protests of these focused on the transfer of the front, intended by Falkenhayn, from East to West. The risks of the operation were apparent, factor given the generals opposed to such a plan, but Falkenhayn was able to get away with his appealing to the coup against the European allies have two fronts. The result was the disastrous German defeat at the battle of Verdun (1916), having Falkenhayn that divert troops from the front to counter the offensive Allied on the Somme. This defeat was enough to Falkenhayn was relieved of the Estado Mayor, replaced by von Hindenburg, and destined to the army which fought to establish a bridge head between Russia and Romania. Since this transfer, Falkenhayn launched what would become a series of degrading destinations for who had come to occupy the largest in the Organization of the German army, and his fall from grace almost can be associated with the beginning of the end for the German military interests. After Romania (1916), he was appointed in charge of Palestine (1917) and, subsequently, to the German headquarters of Lithuania (1918-1919). After the Armistice in 1919, already not return ever to Germany; He lived his last years wandering through the Baltic countries until his death, in uncertain place (some sources place it in Vilnius, capital of Lithuania) towards the middle of 1922.


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