Actor, screenwriter, film director, playwright and Spanish novelist, of Peruvian origin, born on August 28, 1921 in Lima and died in Madrid on November 21, 2007.
Son of the actress Carola Fernán-Gómez, was born during a tour of his parents in Lima, although he was registered at the Consulate in Buenos Aires. He came to Spain when he was three years. After leaving the studies of philosophy and letters, he linked heavily to the world of theatre, encouraged by the writer Enrique Jardiel Poncela, who pondered the interpretative qualities of the novel actor. In fact, the professional debut of Fernan-Gomez was a theatrical piece by Jardiel Poncela, thieves are honest people.
Passionate reader and very prone to writing, the actor alternated his craft with a literary passion that years later would give its fruits. Parallel to his theatrical experience, he was hired by producer Cifesa to intervene in the filming of Cristina Guzmán, Professor of languages (1943), a film by Gonzalo Delgrás inspired by the novel by Carmen de Icaza. By the same dates filmed a movie's supernatural theme, the destination is apology (1944), of José Luis Sáenz de Heredia, and a police delcarmen, Domingo de carnaval (1945), EdgarNeville.
Married to the actress María Dolores Pradera, participated with her in productions as life in shadow (1947). Gradually, its somewhat ungainly figure and his deep voice, of declamatory tone, was popularized in films shot in your measurement, case of the harvest is plentiful (1948), Sáenz de Heredia, and Balarrasa (1950), of José Antonio Nieves Conde, representative samples of the film religious, priestly and missionary.
Your luckiest film partner was Analía Gadé, companion of cast on honeymoon (1956), the girls of blue (1957), Ana says Yes (1958) and summer (1958) Moon. In this facet of actor is not limited to comedies, more or less sophisticated, but they also intervened in deep drama productions.
With Víctor Ericethe spirit of the Beehive (1973) he shot and fire directed Pedro Olea at Pim, pam, pum... (1975), two of the most prestigious titles in the Decade. Also collaborated with filmmaker Carlos Saura in Ana and the wolves (1972), MOM meets one hundred years (1979) and the stilts (1984). Recognizing this meritorious work internationally, was awarded the prize at the Festival of Berlin by the Anchorite (1976).
Valued as one of the most important actors of the Spanish cinema, Fernan-Gomez has also played a notorious work as director. The dark version that filmed in 1961 from the revenge of don Mendo, Pedro MuñozSeca, theatrical piece in its tone of black humor matches El extraño viaje (1964). However, his most praised film is the voyage to nowhere (1987), film adaptation of a radio serial written by the actor himself. In this production, it summed up the ups and downs of a family of traveling comedians, faced with the hardships of the profession during the first half of the 20th century.
In his facet of writer, Fernando Fernán Gómez has kept alive its close ties with the world of photography through the drafting of numerous scripts for the small and the big screen. However, it is much more noticeable and recognized his wide creative work in the genres of the novel and the theater, which has reported him accolades and awards in both prestige and the Lope de Vega's Theatre Prize (1977), the Prince of Asturias Arts Award and the letters (1995) and the novel Fastenrath Prize awarded by the Royal Academy of language (1996). In addition, in 1987 was a finalist for the Premio Planeta of novel and in 1998 he was elected member of the Royal Academy of the language.
Among the brightest extensive narrations of Fernando Fernán Gómez, is worth remembering some titles as celebrated by the critics and readers as the aforementioned novel the voyage to nowhere (Barcelona: Círculo de Lectores, 1985), which resulted in the eponymous film version directed by the writer himself; The seller of oranges (Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1986); Bad love (Barcelona: Planeta, 1987), a pleasant entertainment metaliterario, finalist for the Premio Planeta, part of the historical figure of the Archpriest of Hita to deal with juicy anecdotes and reflections on love and sex; The sea and the weather (Id. ID., 1988); The elevator of the drunks (Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1993): La Puerta del Sol (Id. ID., 1996), awarded with the aforementioned Fastenrath Prize; Stop! Novel of love (Id. ID., 1997); and the time of the trains (Id. ID., 2004), which evokes the world of theatrical companies since the 1920s until early post-war.
In addition, within the prose of fiction, Spanish writer of Peruvian origin has cultivated the complex genre of fiction aimed at young readers, works so well received as the rascals (Madrid: Anaya, 1987) and scrap (Id. ID., 1988). Also dabbled in the black novel with historical references to create a plot around the count of Villamediana, random character of the Court of Felipe IV, swashbuckling (Madrid: Espasa, 2001).
As a playwright, his biggest success of critics and the public was, without doubt, bicycles are for summer (Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1977), awarded the Lope de Vega's Theatre Prize in 1978, and also become the Madrid director Jaime Chávarrifilm tape work. Fernán Gómez is also author of other theatre pieces such notables as the alibi and Sunday bacchanal, published jointly in the mid-1980s (Id. ID., 1985); King Ordás and his infamy (1983); and eyes of the forest (1986). In 2002 he released the defense of Sancho Panza, a theatrical piece monologue that the author also baptized with the name of Neoplagio in two parts on Don Quixote de La Mancha.
His dedication to the essay genre and memorialist, he has provided some essential texts for the study of cinema and the Spanish Theatre of the 20th century, as the actor and others deserves special mention (Barcelona: Laia, 1987) and from the last row (Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1995). His books of memories and biographical annotations include also graduates impressions and depressions (Barcelona: Planeta, 1987) and, above all, the yellow time (Madrid: Debate, 1990), a magnificent autobiographical account published in two volumes. In addition, Fernán Gómez has dealt with the erotic essay in books as the art of desire (Madrid: Temas de Hoy, 1992), of literary studies in the picaresque stories (Barcelona: Planeta, 1992), and the description and interpretation of the city that has spent most of his life: image of Madrid (Madrid: Aguilar, 1992) and rooftops of Madrid (Madrid(: Telefónica of Spain, 1992)
Its condition of humanist fruitful and multi-faceted has also led him to publish countless newspaper articles, focusing on the most varied topics, in the mainstream media in the country, special regularly in the prestigious Rotary Madrid's ABC "Third" page. Moreover, has left printed a sample of his quiet poetic work in the collection of poems entitled A Roma for something (Madrid: Ed. of the author, 1983).
Throughout his career he received numerous international awards in festivals such as the Venice, Berlin and Bogota. In Spain he received the fine arts Gold Medal (1981), the national award for cinematography (1989) and the prize Prince of Asturias de las Artes (1995), as well as two Goya Awards for his work in Mambrú went to war and Belle Epoque. Also his film Lázaro de Tormes (2000), co-directed by José Luis García Sánchez, received two awards from the Spanish Academy of film, for best screenplay adapted and best costume design. In 2000 it became part of the Royal Spanish Academy of language. In the first months of 2001, the Academy of Arts and cinematographic Sciences of Spain agreed to grant Fernán Gómez year gold medal in recognition of his entire career.
In February 2005, coinciding with the presentation of his latest film, Para que no me olvides (of Patricia Ferreira), received the honorary León of Oro awarded by the Berlin Film Festival.
At the end of 2006 David Trueba-film director and writer Luis Alegre signed film Chair Fernando, a feature film which presents is a long interview with Fernan Gomez and showing his work as great conversationalist.
November 21, 2007 he died in Madrid after a long illness. He has worked on 173 films and directed 27. On 27 May 2008, the Prime Minister, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, presented posthumously the great cross of Alfonso X.
Director (and actor in almost all his films):
1952: Madhouse (co-director with slim L.M.). 1953: the message. 1955: The evil Carabel. 1958: Life ahead. 1959: The life around. 1960: Only for men. 1961: La venganza de don Mendo. 1963: The world continues. 1964: The strange trip; Pigeons. 1965: Ninette and a Lord of Murcia. 1966: Major reservations. 1969: How to get married in seven days. 1970: Imperfect crime. 1974: I saw it first. 1975: The beloved. 1976: More than witch witch. 1977: My daughter Hildegart. 1979: Five forks. 1986: Mambrú went to war. 1987: The journey to nowhere. 1989: The sea and the weather. 1991: Out of play. 1994: Seven thousand days together. 1996: Nightmare for a rich. 2000: Lázaro de Tormes (co-director with José Luis García Sánchez).
As an actor:
1943: cristina Guzmán; For sale a Palace; Living upside down; Fantastic night; Autumn roses; The girl with the cat; White turban; A girl's operetta; My enemy and I. 1944: The way of Babel; He started in wedding; The destination apologizes. 1945: Espronceda; Bamboo; Domingo de Carnaval; Went you the groom; It is dangerous to look out to the outside; Are you a case. 1946: The next time we live; The inhabitants of the uninhabited house; Hex. 1947: Night sky; Black siren; Anchor button; The happy wall. 1948: Life in shadows; Today we passed not ready; Pototo, Boliche and company; The harvest is mucha.1949: ninety minutes; Youth wings. 1950: Happy times; Captain poison; The last horse; Reckless; Faculty of letters. 1951: I want to get married with you. The securing of the air; That happy couple; The Pelegrin system. 1952: Eyes footprint; Conscience accuses. 1953: Airport; No one will know it; Rebellion. 1954: morena Clara; The afterlife of Captain Contreras. 1955: The irony of the money; The guardian of paradise; Congress in Seville; The Bachelor. 1956: The phenomenon; Honeymoon trip. 1957: Faustina; A husband's back and forth; The angels of the steering wheel; Blue girls; The tenant. 1958: Ana says Yes; Bombs for peace; Summer moon; Soledad; Ghosts in the House. 1959: Crime for newlyweds. 1960: The three etceteras of Colonel; The private life of so and so; Goodbye, Mimi Pompon. 1961: where do I put this dead? 1962: The calves; Your neighbor's wife. 1963: Rififi in the city; You live once. 1965: A vampire for two. 1968: The vile seduction. 1969: A decent adultery; Carola's day, Carola at night; Studio furnished 2 P; The Panthers will eat the rich; Why do we sin at forty? 1970: Profession, their labors; Increased leg, waning skirt; The triangle; The roosters in the morning. 1971: The Iberian F.C. 1972: Ana and the wolves; The legend of the Mayor of Zalamea; Don Quixote rides again. 1973: The spirit of the Beehive; Vera, a cruel tale. 1974: The love of Captain Brando. 1975: Pim, pam, pum... fire!; I am so and so; Sensuality; Jo, Pope; The four brides of Augusto Pérez; Impossible for a spinster. 1976: The Anchorite; Thinner than the hens; Parranda; Gulliver. 1977: Chely; The girl in the yellow pajamas; Carrot Queen; Above, feat. 1978: The remains of the wreck; Madrid naked. 1979: MOM celebrates a hundred years; Miracle in the circus. 1980: Wonders; Turn the power off and let's go. 1981: 127 million, tax free. Please, take care of Amelia; Zero copy. 1982: Bésame, tonta; Red Interior. 1983: Juana the mad, from time to time; Lead soldiers; Fierce. 1984: Stilts; The most beautiful evening; Plastic; From man to man. 1985: luces de Bohemia; Requiem for a Spanish peasant; The Court of the Pharaoh; Marbella, a five-star hit. 1986: Poor Butterfly; Half the sky; Face of chard; Delusions of love; My general. 1987: Moors and Christians; The great Seraphim. 1988: Esquilache. 1989: The river carrying us. 1991: King pasmado; Marcelino bread and wine. 1992: Belle Époque. 1996: Tranvía a la Malvarrosa; Nightmare for a rich. 1997: Painted. 1998: The grandfather. 1999: All about my mother; Pepe Guindo; The butterfly's tongue. 2000: Vocals. 2001: Visionary. 2002: In the city without limits; The spell of Shanghai. 2003: Bibliofrenia. 2004: Tiovivo ca. 1950. 2005: Para que no me olvides.
Fernando FERNAN-GOMEZ. The yellow time. Memoirs Madrid: Debate, 1990, 2 vols.
TÉBAR, Juan. Fernando Fernan-Gomez, writer (dialogue in three acts). Madrid: Enjana, 1984.
GUP / JRF