Politician and Russian Economist, born in Grozny on November 22, 1942. After his rise in the hierarchy of the Soviet State and after being elected Chairman of the Supreme Soviet, was imprisoned for his role in the political revolt that came to pass in the Parliament in October 1993 and, after this event, withdrew from active politics.
Ruslan Jasbulatov was born in the capital of Chechnya but, because of the repression carried out by Stalin in the Caucasian Republic in 1944, his family was forced to move to the North of Kazakhstan, where he grew up. At age 23 he graduated from the Lomonosov State University of Moscow, and after completing graduate studies in economics at the same institution, obtained the degree of doctor of economic sciences in 1970.
During the following two years he directed the Department of agitation and Propaganda of the Communist Youth of the USSR (Komsomol), and thereafter began a promising political career, which took him to jobs on the Scientific Secretary of the Council for the problems economic of the revolution científico-Técnica of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR; Head of section of the Institute of scientific research to the problems of higher education; and head of Department of the Institute of national economy Plekhanov in Moscow.
In elections held on March 4, 1990 he was elected Deputy of the Congress of popular deputies and three months later was Vice President of the Supreme Soviet, despite the initial support of Boris Yeltsin to the candidacy of Shajrai. On July 17, 1991 members agreed to appoint Jasbulatov, reformist candidate and Acting President of the Chamber. After the coup attempt of August 1991, announced its abandonment of the Communist Party, and in October of that same year he was elected Chairman of the Supreme Soviet (standing Parliament) of the Russian Federation, after beating the conservative candidate Serguei Baburin.
In September 1993, President Yeltsin dissolved the Supreme Soviet, a circumstance that led to the closure of members in the Moscow White House, seat of Parliament, as well as strong disorders in the streets of the Russian capital between nacionales-comunistas forces and defenders of Yeltsin in the building by Decree. These events ended with the bombing of the Parliament by order of President Yeltsin and a balance of hundreds of dead. In the wake of the incidents, Jasbulatov was suspended from his post as President of the Chamber and imprisoned in the prison's maximum-security Lefortovo, near Moscow. In February 1994, the Duma (lower House of the Parliament) granted, much to it like the others involved in the events of October 1993, Amnesty. Shortly after it was released and announced his withdrawal from politics.
Target of criticism both of the radical press and conservative, has been accused repeatedly of wasting public funds, lack of modesty and frequently adopt despotic attitudes. Ruslan Jasbulatov launched, for his part, blunt criticism to the process of economic reforms launched by the liberal Egor Gaidar and questioned the price liberalization without having dissolved the State monopolies, which caused that the standard of living of Russians fell to unsustainable levels.
Jasbulatov has been awarded the Medal of merit to the work and is the author of more than one score of books (some of which have been published in Austria, Italy or India), a good number of articles and other scientific publications.