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Biography of Ricardo Jimenes Oreamuno (1859-1945)


Politician and Costa Rican lawyer, born in the city of Cartago on February 6, 1859 and died in San José on July 4, 1945. He was President of the Republic of Costa Rica on three occasions: 1910-1914, 1924-1928 and 1932-1936. His political management was characterized by a marked improvement of public infrastructure and the achievement of greater economic and institutional stability to the country.

Born into one of the most influential families of the Costa Rican oligarchy, his father was President. He studied law at the University of San José and soon stood out for his ability as a lawyer, activity that has established itself as one of the most renowned in the country. He became interested at a young age in politics and held important positions in the public administration. After obtaining the Act of Parliament to the House of representatives, worked closely with the Government of President Carlos Durán (1889-1890), who charged him with several ministerial portfolios. He subsequently held the posts of Governor and President of the Supreme Court of the nation. His brilliant oratory consolidated as one of the main leading Costa Rican politicians. In 1910 he was elected President of the Republic for a term of four years. He was re-elected in 1923 and began his second term the following year. During this second period of Government of Jimenes Oreamuno, concluded several important public works for the development of Costa Rican infrastructures. Since 1924 he alternated in Government with the leader of the opposition, Cleto González Víquez; She met this time as the"don Cleto and don Ricardo". In 1932 Jimenes Oreamuno Viquez replaced in the first Magistracy of the nation, was beginning his third and last presidential term.

Jimenes Oreamuno Governments were characterized by institutional stability and the consolidation of the constitutional framework. It enacted the freedom of Press Act and drove the development of the communications network. During his term was completed the electrification of the Pacific Railroad, as well as other important public works. Its economic management also tended to ensure the financial stability of the country, through the creation of the Mortgage Bank of Costa Rica and the consolidation of the domestic debt. However, Jimenes Oreamundo - like the Viquez policy - was characterized by personalized features, which helped strengthen the Costa Rican regime in a purely presidential direction. Due to his authoritarian nature, Jimenes Oreamuno was called the "intellectual dictator". In 1936 he was replaced at the head of the Presidency by León Cortés Castro and finally retired from political life, due to his advanced age (was then seventy-seven years old). He died nine years later in the Costa Rican capital.


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