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Biography of Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda (1801-1866)


Composer and Czech violinist born in Prague on February 21, 1801 and died in Karlsruhe (Germany) on December 3, 1866.

He studied violin with Friedich W. Pixis in the Conservatory of Prague and theory and composition with Bedrich Divis Weber. In 1816 he joined the Orchestra of the theatre of Prague, and abandoned it in 1821 to begin his successful career as a soloist throughout Europe. After hearing it in one of its recitals, the Prince Karl Egon II von Furstenberg's gave him a Stradivarius violin and appointed him master of the chapel of the Court from Donaueschingen in 1822. Kalliwoda held this position for nearly forty years and was in charge of directing the Court opera, musical activities and giving concerts as a soloist among other tasks. During the time that remained in Donaueschingen passed through the city musicians of the calibre of Franz Liszt, Sigismond Thalberg , or Robert Schumann, who dedicated the Czech musician their Intermezzi op.4.

Due to the revolution of 1848, Karl Egon palatial chapel was dismantled and Kalliwoda had to be moved to the German city of Karlsruhe, where he died in 1866.

As composer wrote nearly 500 works of various genres: concertos for various instruments - including the oboe-, lieder and choral music and Chamber. His first three symphonies were praised by his contemporaries and performed regularly during the 19th century. The Deutsches Lied for male choir remained popular longer into the twentieth century. Among his eighteen overtures for Orchestra include the No. 8 (Ouverture pastorale), composed in 1843.

Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda. Concertino, Op.110


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