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Biography of Santiago de Liniers y de Bremond (1753-1810)


Military and Navy Spanish, Viceroy of the Río de la Plata, born in Niort (France) and died on August 26, 1810 in Cordoba (Argentina).

Of noble family, Liniers joined the naval career as a page of the Grand Master of the order of Malta. In 1774 entered the service of the Spanish Navy, and then departed for Aafrica with Alejandro O'Reillyfleet. On their return to Spain, he entered the school of training of guards marinas in Cadiz. He first visited the Rio de la Plata in 1776 and immediately returned to the peninsula to continue its naval activities. In 1788 he returned to the Río de la Plata as a port captain. He remarried married the daughter of the prosperous merchant Martín de Sarratea.

Between 1802 and 1804, he assumed the position of Governor political and military missions, and then returned to Buenos Aires to assume the post of Chief of the naval station. Before the invasion of the English Navy in 1806, the viceroy Sobremonte entrusted the defense of the port of Ensenada. After the occupation of Buenos Aires by the English, Liniers contacted Martín Alzaga in order to lead an uprising. To this end, he went to Montevideo and obtained the military support of the Governor Ruiz Huidobro. With his forces he retook Buenos Aires on August 12, 1806 by chapter to the English Governor William Carr Beresford. Two days later in an open Cabildo Viceroy Sobremonte was compelled to relinquish military power to Liniers, but refused to receive him. After the new progress made by the British in February 1807, which meant the occupation of Montevideo, the open Cabildo Viceroy Sobremonte and audience gave Liniers all the military powers.

Liniers troops were defeated by the troops Englishmen Whitelocke in the Cove, but regrouped in Buenos Aires and finally did capitulate to the English July 6, 1807, which meant his departure from Montevideo. Liniers was named by the Audiencia as interim viceroy and the charge was newly confirmed him by mainland authorities in may 1808. Occur in 1808 invasion of Spain by Napoleon's troops, Liniers despite its French origin maintained their loyalty to Fernando VII. Its political decline accelerated as a result of its rejection of the order coming from Cadiz to confer on the Council the Viceregal powers and his opposition to free trade. The open Cabildo of Buenos Aires, led by Martín de Álzaga, demanded his resignation on January 1, 1809. Shortly after the Central Junta of Spain appointed as representative to the Admiral Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros, who took peaceful possession of the position on August 2, 1809.

Liniers retreated to Cordova and there the revolution of may 1810 surprised him. Immediately proceeded to organize a royalist army together with other Spanish authorities to face the Patriots. The Buenos Aires Government dispatched a military expedition against Liniers and his men, and on August 26, 1810 was captured and executed by Colonel Antonio González Balcarce.

Bibliography

WRIGHT, Ione S. and NEKHOM, Lisa P. Dictionary historical Argentine (Buenos Aires: Emecé Editores, 1978).

SANTILLÁN, Diego A. Great encyclopedia Argentina (Buenos Aires: Edit Soc.) Anon. Publishers, 1956).


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