Dutch politician, born in Rotterdam on May 7, 1939, who was head of the Government of the Netherlands from 1982 to 1994, year in which was succeeded by the Dutch Wim Kok. His full name is ("Ruud") Rudolphus Franciscus Marie Lubbers.
After educating in the Canisius School of Nijmegen, he studied economics at the Erasmus University of Rotterdam and graduated in 1962. He started working in the family business, a firm of engineering works called Lubbers Hollandia, whose Management Committee was Secretary in 1963-1965 and was co-director in 1965. Subsequently he served various positions of responsibility in other businesses in the industry. He was also a member of the Christian Association of young entrepreneurs (1964), President of the Organization of Catholic entrepreneurs of the industry of the Metal and member of the Board of Government of Christian Dutch entrepreneurs Association.
Fought in the Catholic Popular Party (KVP), which in April 1975 to the anti-revolutionary party (ARP) and the Christian historical Union (CHU) joined to form the call Christian Democrat (CDA), force that Lubbers would reach the highest political responsibilities. He was Minister for Economic Affairs with the Socialist Prime Minister Joop den Uyl (between 1973 and 1977), Vice President (between 1977 and 1978) and President (from 1978 to 1982) of the parliamentary group of the CDA in the Tweede Kamer (lower House of the Parliament).
After the general elections of September 1982, the Prime Minister Andreas van Agt (CDA) decided not to form a Government and Lubbers took that responsibility. On 4 November, after laborious negotiations, renewed coalition with the liberal - conservative people's Party for freedom and democracy (VVD). The theme that predominaría in their first years of exercise was the installation of the Euromissiles of NATO at the base of Woensdrecht, whose acceptance took to the formidable opposition of anti-war groups until November 1, 1985. However, the subsequent Treaty of elimination of nuclear weapons and mid-range (INF), signed by the Soviet Union and the United States in 1987, would make unnecessary units of the type GLCM (cruise missiles) sites.
Lubbers continued after the legislative elections on May 21, 1986 and September 6, 1989, but Government which was on November 7, 1989 replaced the VVD for the second then first and political force of the opposition, the Labour Party (PVDA), in his first experience of Government with the CDA, which guaranteed him an absolute majority in the Tweede Kamer. In the elections of May 3, 1994 the CDA lost the first position with considerable losses: 20 seats (when it had 54) and 13´1 vote percentage points (obtained in 1989 35´3%), with which on August 22 following Kok, leader of the PVDA, a coalition Government that did not include the Christian Democrats formed.
Fluent in the languages English, French, German and Spanish, and always associated with the community issues, Lubbers belonged to the Group of statesmen who pushed vigorously the process of European construction. Throughout his long tenure was twice Chairman of the European Council (in whose summits, in a characteristic gesture, invariably appeared with arms folded when posing for the official photo), the first half of 1986 and the second in 1991, which closed the Maastricht Summit (9 and 10 December), already historic for the approval of the Treaty of the European Union. In June 1994 he presented his candidacy for the succession of Frenchman Jacques Delors as President of the European Commission, but had to abide by the formula of consensus that embodied the Luxembourger Jacques Santerin 1995 did the same with the Secretary General of NATO, which finally went to the Spanish Javier Solana.
In October 2000, the Secretary-General of United Nations Kofi Annan announced his appointment as director of the High Commissioner of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); charge that happened at the end of the year Japan's Sadako Ogata. On February 20, 2005, ten months before the end of his term, he resigned once was made public an internal report of the organisation where he was accused of starring in repeated episodes of sexual harassment. Lubbers always denied the allegations of a scandal that had jumped to Rotary in May 2004 when several employees of UNHCR denounced harassment by the High Commissioner.