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Biography of Claude Mackay (1890-1948)


Poet and American Narrator, Sunny Ville (Jamaica)-born in 1890 and died in New York in 1948. Considered to be one of the intellectuals of the American leftist ideology in the first half of the 20th century, a rich legacy narrative made that, from the tenets of the New York artistic and literary movement called the Harlem renaissance, explores the remote African roots of the black race to raise the cultural category of the first order the primitivism of folk traditions.

His early inclination toward the world of literary creation had pushed him to be known as a writer in his native Jamaica, merced to the publication of two volumes of poetry which, in the long run, are the least significant part of his work. In 1912 he emigrated to the United States of America, adopted American nationality and began to integrate into the main factions of the radical left of their environment, such as the Liberator group, in whose bosom locked contacts with some Marxist who, during his youth, managed to attract the sympathies of the young Claude McKay to his ideological cause. Thus, in 1922 the writer arrived to attend, in Moscow, the IV Congress of the Communist International, although he subsequently led his political thinking towards a rather more moderate approaches. That did not prevent him, however, leave your signature stamped in the main political and cultural journals of the American left.

Broadly speaking, can be said that both his lyric work and his fictional production involved that ideological evolution that occurred in his political thinking, especially as a result of the channelling of their progressive ideas through the avant-garde postulates of the mentioned Harlem renaissance, postulates that not only moved into the flat aesthetic, but also in the ethical-social. In general, in Claude McKay poetry can be said that it progresses from a lyrical nostalgia of past Splendors - well, v. gr., in Songs of Jamaica (songs of Jamaica, 1991)-, to a protest committed to the recovery of African Primitivism as alternative cultural expression - and acid present in Spring in New Hampshire (spring in New Hampshire, 1920) and Harlem Shadows (shadows of Harlem1922).

In his role as novelist, writer of Sunny Ville triumphed flatly with the publication, at the end of the 1920s, Home to Harlem (back to Harlem, 1928), a splendid fragmentary reconstruction of the famous New York neighborhood, referred to as a ghetto through the eyes of a black, veteran soldier of World War I. Also a character of color starring the second narrative delivery of Claude McKay, Banjo (1929), in which the author of Jamaican origin recounted the vital vicissitudes of a jazz musician in the variegated French port of Marseille.

On a very similar subject line, Claude Mckay returned to the shelves of the libraries within a year to present Banana Bottom (1933), a new novel in which the problems of the black race focused on the many socio-cultural conflicts that took place in Jamaica. In addition to the aforementioned books, Sunny Ville writer published an autobiographical narrative, presented under the title of A Long Way from Home (1927).


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