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Biography of Condesa de Castilla y Queen of Navarra Munia Mayor (995-1052)


Countess of Castile and Queen of Navarre born in 995 and died in 1052. Eldest daughter of Sancho García, count of Castile.

In 1010 he married the King of Navarre, Sancho Garcés III the Mayor, therefore as a dowry the territory of La Rioja. When the count of Castile, Sancho García, died in 1017 was appointed heir to his son García Sánchez (1010-1029), who was only seven years old, so his sister, Doña Munia Mayor was named Regent. In this mode the territory of Castile was under the orbit of the King of Navarra Sancho Garcés III.

Sancho Garcés III concluded the marriage of Sancho García with a sister of the Leonese King Bermudo IIIin 1029. On May 13 of that year, date set for the wedding, Sancho García was killed on the doorstep of the Church of San Juan, where he was to celebrate their marriage. Of the regicide was an aristocratic plot directed by the Leonese Court and which were members of the important lineage of the candle. After the murder, the Castilian throne corresponded to Doña Munia Mayor and therefore to her husband, Sancho Garcés III, what will be the fruit of future conflicts between both powers.

During the reign of Munia and Sancho Garcés, the Benedictine order settled in Castile, which was a cultural and artistic revolution for the County.

The marriage between Doña Munia Mayor and Sancho Garcés III were born four children, the eldest son García Sánchez III, King of Navarre; Fernando, which over time would be first King of Castile and León under the name of Fernando I the great; Gonzalo of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza; Lord and Ramiro, count of Aragon.

Bibliography

PÉREZ DE URBEL, j.: The County of Castile. Three hundred years it was done Castilla, Madrid, 1969.

SUÁREZ FERNÁNDEZ, l.: History of Spain in the middle ages, Madrid, 1978.

Sanchez ALBORNOZ, C.: Origins of the Spanish nation. The Kingdom Astur, Institute of Asturian studies, 1964.

MITRE FERNÁNDEZ, e.: Medieval Spain. Societies. States. Cultures, Madrid, 1979.

JACJ


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