Biography of Pietro II dux de Venecia Orseolo II (¿-1009)

Twenty sixth Doge of Venice (991-1009), born on date unknown and died of natural causes in September of 1009. It was probably the first great Doge of the Republic and an architect of the future greatness of Venice.

Son of Pietro I Orseolo, which had been dux between 976 and 978, and Felicia Malipiero, Pietro Orseolo II was elected dux once the Assembly of 991 the Doge Tribuno was deposed. Under its effective diplomacy, they gave the East Empire, the Holy Roman Empire and the papacy. Orseolo eliminated the threat of Dalmatian piracy and narentina through a large campaign, in which, for the first time, presided over the Venetian fleet the banner of San Marcos, with the blessing of the Patriarchs of Aquileia and grade and Pope Sylvester II. Lagosta, Curzola, and Lissa were razed and torched and Orseolo achieved several victories dating back to the Narenta River. The Doge was able to over twenty cities and Islands were placed under the rule of Venice, which was owner of the coasts of Istria and Dalmatia. In 1000 the basileo dux gave the title of Duke of Dalmatia, which was attached to the Serenissima until 1356. In 1002 the Venetian fleet was put to the service of Byzantium and the papacy to fight the Muslims, who were expelled from Bari and Taranto. The basileo awarded the performance of the Doge by the marriage of his daughter María Giovanni, son of Orseolo.

All this diplomatic work expanded and improved the Venetian trade relations. Ports, scales, and markets were opened and it has boosted the river trade with the interior of Italy. Otto III, who had even sponsored to Ottone, son and successor of Pietro Orseolo, favored Exchange Venice through the abolition of the tax on the importation of salt.

Pietro Orseolo II was succeeded by his son Ottone Orseolo, when this was just fifteen years old.

Bibliography

BAILLY, A. history of Venice. Barcelona, 1963.

DIEHL, C. A Republic of patricians: Venice. Madrid, 1943.

BENEYTO, J. Fortuna of Venice: history of political fame. Madrid, 1943.

NICOL, D. Byzanium and Venice: a study in diplomatic and cultural relations. Cambridge, 1988.

VITTORIA, E. Storia chronology i Venezia e successione dei Dogi. Venice, 1963.

JMMT