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Biography of Niccolò Paganini (1782-1840)


Niccolò Paganini.

Composer and violinist, born in Genoa (Italy), famous for the prodigious skill of its execution. Child prodigy, gave violin concerts since 1794. He studied with Servetto (maestro di cappella in the Cathedral of Genoa), Costa (first violin in several Genoese churches), Rolla, and Paer (composer of opera in Parma and Bologna), and was maestro di cappella of Princess Elisa Baciocchi, sister of Napoleon. Now independent, it toured various European cities. In 1828, he was appointed in virtuous Emperor Vienna, but eventually decided to return to Italy and projected to create a school of violin. He died during a trip to France. It was considered as the incarnation of the romantic artist, with a dazzling technique and a mysterious image. He had a left hand very flexible and suitable for large areas. His inspiration and technical facility allowed cadences in numerous passages about the handwritten notes and add original ornaments, in the manner of singers. He wanted to also be surrounded by a halo of mystery, for example, causing desperate situations in the concert, such as for example, breakage of one or several strings and even the arc, which replaced by a cane Reed, and which was airy. Beside her paled to other great violinists Italian, as Sivori, Rovelli, T. and M. Milanollo, Tua and Polo.

Niccolò Paganini. Perpetual motion.

Their concerts also have a character similar to a soloist of the opera arias, both by its melodic shape appear the solo violin, after a pompous orchestral introductions. He composed, among other works, 24 Caprices Op (performed until 1810 and published in 1820), six Sonatas per violino e chitarra (1820) and several concerts.

Niccolò Paganini. Concerto for violin and Orchestra No. 2 in b minor Op. 7, "La campanella".


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