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Biography of Sir Arthur Wing Pinero (1855-1934)


Actor and English playwright born in Islington (London) in 1855 and died in his hometown in 1934. A few dramatic early influenced by stage naturalism of the great European theatrical writers of the time (mainly, the Norwegian Henrik Ibsen), evolved into the cultivation of a few ingenious sentimental comedies that made him in one of the most acclaimed playwrights of the British tables late 19th century and the beginning of the next century. Its importance in the cultural and artistic development of their nation was rewarded, in 1915, with his elevation to the dignity of Knight (Sir).

Turned to the world of the scene since his early youth, began practicing the craft of stage actor, to immediately move to brand new a few brilliant comedies that dealt with some of the most debated social issues in his time, such as the promotion and emancipation of women. His first dramatic installment, titled The Magistrate (1885), followed, in the same vein, other premieres as applauded as The Schoolmistress (1886), Dandy Dick (1887), Sweet Lavender (1888) and The Weaker Sex (1888). However, as a result of the piece entitled The Second Mrs. Tanqueray (the second Mrs Tanqueray, 1893), which made a pleasant impression to critics and viewers, its theatrical production experienced a shift towards social and human comedy whose plot came to be equated by the specialists of his time, with some figures of the scene the likes of Richard Sheridanespecially by the ability shown by both when it comes to intensify on the boards a lot of scenic resources.

Of course, the scope and the impact of moral and social criticism raised by Sir Arthur Wing Pinero not went back to elevations crowned by the theatre of Ibsen; However, found a well-deserved echo among his countrymen, who applauded loudly the greatest successes of the last dramatic stage, among which stand out the works titled The Princess and the Butterfly (1897), Trelawney of the Wells (1898), A Wife Without a Smile (1905), The Big Drum (1915) and The Enchanted Cottage (1922).

Other works of great interest are The notorious Mrs. Ebbsmith (the famous Mrs Ebbsmith, 1895), Iris (1901) and The house in ordre (the House in order, 1906)

JRF


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