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Biography of Francisco Robles García (1811-1893)


Ecuadorian statesman, born in Guayaquil in May 5, 1811 and died in the same city on March 11, 1893. He was President of the Republic from October 1856 until May 1859. He studied at the nautical school, and from a very young entered the service of the Navy. Little friend label, cheerful and womanizer, became one of the most popular characters of the Guayaquil of his time. Beside Urvina, who was always the right arm, fought against President Juan José Flores. When Urvina was sentenced by flowers to exile, Robles freed him and together they fled to the Peru, but after the revolution of March 6, 1845, they returned to Guayaquil where they were greeted as heroes. At the National Convention of 1852, which was a member, Robles promoted with Aparicio Rivadeneira, the expulsion of the Jesuits, dusting off the penalty of 1767. He was Minister of war during the Government of Urvina and finally elected President in 1956. Primary schools in the Republic as a whole it fostered during his Government, established the Sisters of la Caridad hospital care and the Civil Code was put in force. He had to face the confrontation with the President of the Peru, Ramón Castilla, which continually threatened to Ecuador and ended up blocking the port of Guayaquil. Castilla had sent as Minister Plenipotentiary to the dissociative Juan Celestino Cavero, which, after provoking some incidents, managed internally divide the political interests of the Ecuador. On the occasion of the assassination of the journalist Vicente Valencia, organized internal opposition, acaudillada on the one hand, by the conservative García Moreno, and on the other, Pedro Moncayo liberal; but both were banished. In May 1859, broke out a revolt in Quito which proclaimed a new Government composed of the triumvirate García Moreno(at that time exiled in Peru), Jerónimo Carrión (Vice President of Robles) and Pacific Chiriboga. Each one of the triumvirs claimed their rights to the Presidency, and Oaks, not being able to restore order despite the support of the general Urvina, was forced to resign and leave for exile. In Chile, he spent three years, until returning in 1862 to Lima, where organized, together with Urvina, a revolt against García Moreno, but, overcome by this, they had to flee back to the Peru. They could finally return to the country after the triumph of the revolution of the general Ignacio de Veintemilla, who appointed General Robles of the first division. In recent years was collector of taxes in Babahoyo and administered their small farms in Daule.


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