French painter, born in Paris in 1812 and died in the same city in 1867. It has been valued by the history of art not only by the quality of his painting, but as the forerunner of impressionism.
He received classical within the limits of neo-classicism and training typical of nineteenth-century academicism. However, directly influenced and touched by the Romantic movement, he preferred to paint outdoors, in direct contact with nature, seeking to capture the essence of it, the representation of light and atmosphere. His work received a direct legacy of the Dutch landscape, primarily the importance attached by this painting to landscape, main reason of pictorial representation.
Together with a group of Parisian painters he retired to the village of Barbizon, where he became leader of the so-called School of Barbizon, group of painters whose interest focused on work in the open air and in the representation of the landscape. Their representations on the forest of Fontainebleau became clear precedents of Impressionism and the French realism.
Some of the works of Rousseau as an avenue of chestnut trees, painted around 1835 and preserved at the Louvre, were rejected by the Paris Salon of the years 1830 and 1840, however, the painter gained an official recognition years later with works such as surroundings of the forest of Fontainebleau, painted in 1850.