Narrator, playwright, essayist, columnist, screenwriter and Puerto Rican University Professor, born in Humacao on November 17, 1936. Considered to be one of the most important writers of the so-called "generation of the sixties", knew how to stay ahead of the aesthetics of his literary journey companions to anticipate a social concern that puts his narratives and plays between the finest Puerto Rican literature in the second half of the 20th century.
Master, moreover, in the treatment of time, Luis Rafael Sánchez located his characters in one continues temporary transience that anguish seems to dominate all of their reactions, with which manages to capture a valuable sample symbolic own existential angst that sinks the man of our time. All of this is evident in his brief, collected stories in a volume entitled body of shirt, as well as its splendid novel published under the title of La guaracha of Macho Camacho (1976), extensively reprinted in Puerto Rico and translated into several languages (such as English and French). In this extensive narration - considered to be one of the most important novels of Antillean prose of his time-, Humacao writer uses in addition to the introduction of a good portion of parody ingredients that reflect, as ludicrous as bleak perspective, degradation in the different social classes in their homeland are immersed. In general, as happens almost all colleagues of generation (Egberto Figueroa, Tomás López Ramírez, Manuel Ramos Otero, etc.), Luis Rafael Sánchez focuses the thematic content of his work in the perplexity that causes any attentive observer the confusing life of the modern inhabitants of the Antillean island at the time.
However, and despite the successes of Luis Rafael Sánchez in the narrative genre, it is in the protean domain of the scene where has achieved greater renown as a writer and intellectual. Indeed, its theatre also anticipates the dramatic production of his generation colleagues to contribute to Puerto Rican theatrical tradition a new breath which, in his own words, "uses sarcasm, satire and the relaxation gordo as a possible way out of our social reality". His proposal, because it links directly to the recent principles defended by the so-called - within the American scenic area - "Generation of 1954", i.e. the constituted by a group of playwrights from different countries and cultures of Central and South America, who share a commitment to common by the performing arts to renew and reflect on the tables a series of local problems that, at the bottomYou can use as a symbol of the great troubles afflicting mankind. It is, therefore, starting from the immediate reality surrounding the author, to extract from her many materials can charge a universal dimension.
In his particular interpretation of this stream of creative dramatics, Luis Rafael Sánchez contributed a clear influence valleinclanesco that can well be parent with grotesque tone of some of their stories. Moreover, his plays are characterized by its large dose of lyricism and by his express renunciation - from these satirical or poetic - approaches to reflect reality as perceived in everyday life. Among his most outstanding theatrical titles, is forced to remember: almost the soul, passion according to Antígona Pérez, our gall of every day, compradito love farce, Los angeles have fatigued and not cry for us, Puerto Rico. This multifaceted writer Antillean is also author of the screenplay, which resulted in the film the air bus.
For much of his life, Luis Rafael Sánchez combined his dedication to the cultivation of the creative writing with an intense teaching activity in the classrooms of the University of Puerto Rico, where he gave lessons on Latin-American literature. In addition, he has been teaching at the University of New York (city in which settled), and has directed courses and lectured in various cultural forums of Spain (thus, v. gr., in Madrid) and Latin America (Colombia and Peru). He is also a columnist for prestigious, with frequent collaborations in the mainstream media of all the Spanish-speaking American field.
GONZÁLEZ, José Luis: Literature and society in Puerto Rico. Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1976. (col. Tierra Firme)
Gonzalez, Nilda: Bibliography of the Puerto Rican theater. 19th and 20th centuries. San Juan de Puerto Rico: Ed. University, 1979.
MANRIQUE CABRERA, Francisco: History of Puerto Rican literature. San Juan de Puerto Rico: Cultural Ed., 1975.
RIVERA ALVAREZ, Josefina: Dictionary of Puerto Rican literature. San Juan de Puerto Rico: Instituto de Cultura, 1979.
RIVERA ALVAREZ, Josefina: Puerto Rican literature. Its process over time. Madrid: Parthenon, 1983.