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Biography of King of Israel Saúl (ca. 1030-1010 a.C.)


(Shaul) First King of Israel. He was son of Gabaa Qish, of the tribe of Benjamin and husband of Ahinoam, who bore him four children. It was, however, a concubine named Rispah, who had two more children. Very popular and great physical talent, that made him Excel in Israel fights against the Philistines, the Amalekites, and the ammonites, was chosen as King and then anointed by the Prophet Samuel, who later reproached him. The reasons for their choice, are ignored even if they primarían in this conditions of excellent Warrior, able to expel Israel from the Philistines. His Government, which meant the beginning of the political unity of the various tribes, inside met big ups and downs, especially given his clash with David and Samuel, although he was full of military victories against Edom, Moab, Ammon, Aram-Zobah and the Amalekites.

Either way, Saul was adjusted to the spirit of the Lord when ordering expulsion of fortune-tellers and soothsayers from all the Kingdom. It placed their capital at Gibeah (Tell el-Full), his own hometown, where ruled rather patriarchal so that monarchist. Before his death he met episodes of melancholy, clashes with Samuel and David, who had reached great honors, among them even be bridegroom with Mikal, one of the daughters of Saul's misgivings. His death ensued him as a result of a deed of arms against the Philistines in the plain of Jezrael, which also killed three of his sons (Jonathan, Abinadab and Melquisua). According to the Bible, Saul asked his Squire that he rematase it, but to refuse this is crossed with a sword. His body was then hung from the wall of Betshan by the Philistines, after conquering it. Another version indicates that it was topped by an amalekite by own desire of the Israelite King. Disappearing Saul, his general Abner named immediately Eshbaal, another son of Saul king. However, in Hebron was chosen as King the direct rival of Saul, David, who, however, sincerely mourned the loss of King Saul in a funeral Ode.


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