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Biography of Sikorski Wladyslaw (1881-1943)


Military and Polish politician, born in Tuszów-Narodowy (then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire) on May 20, 1881 and died in Gibraltar on July 4, 1943; He was Prime Minister of the Polish Government in exile during World War II.

Students of the school of officers Vienna, was part of the Austrian army and helped create the germ of the future Polish legions. At the outbreak of World War I served in the legions of Josef Pilsudski, who fought against the Russians, and they reached the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, at the time he earned considerable prestige. Once restored the independence of Poland (November 1918) and obtained the rank of General, played a remarkable role during the war against the Bolshevik Russians to stop invading troops in front of the V army, in the summer of 1920. Then he successively served as Chief of the General staff (1921-22), head of Government (1922-23) and Minister of the Guerra (1924-1925), reorganized and modernized the Polish Army and founded the city of Gdynia.

In 1926, following the coup of Pilsudski State, he emigrated to France, where he joined the opposition to the regime. In 1939 he was denied to command the defense of Warsaw and after the defeat to the Germans, took over the leadership of the Polish Government in exile in Paris, as well as the command of Polish troops who fought alongside the allies. First refugee in Angers, the fall of France and established the Vichy regime, he moved to London, where his Government collaborated with Britain and other Governments are allies in the fight against Germany, in addition to organizing a clandestine army who later revolted against the invader.

In 1941 he signed the ruso-polaca Joint Declaration which formally put an end to the war between the two countries and repatriaba Polish prisoners; However, its relations with the Soviet Union were almost never good because ideological and strategic differences, as well as to the barely concealed pretension of Stalin's control of the Polish resistance movement. A notorious episode came to definitely muddy relations between two rulers: the discovery in April 1943 from a mass grave in Katyn were buried the bodies of 8,000 Polish officers, prisoners of the Soviets after the invasion, and apparently killed with the aim of decapitating the Polish resistance with a view to the political future of the country. Sikorski sought to establish a "Great Poland" federated with Lithuania, idea that did not have the blessing of allies and much less of the Soviet Union after the war. Died in unclear circumstances by an aviation accident produced at the Gibraltar airfield, most likely victim of a sabotage.


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