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Biography of Bartolomé Spranger (1546-1627)


Painter and Flemish engraver, born at Antwerp in 1546 and died in Prague in 1611. He was a student of Jan Mandyn and Cornelius van Dalem. In 1565, he made a trip to Paris, where he met the Mannerist work of the school of Fontainebleau, traveling also to Milan the same year. In 1566 he was in Parma where he works with Bernardino Gatti in the Madonna della Steccata and where he had the opportunity to know the works of Correggio and Parmigianino.

In 1569 it settles down in Rome where makes contact with the Farnese for which they work in Caprarola, maintaining close relations with the Roman Mannerist environment. In 1570 he was named papal painter.

Despite his important Italian production, it is for his work in Germany by what is best known. In 1575 becomes the Court of Vienna, where he acts as official painter until 1581 that moved to Prague, where he stayed until 1611, year of his death. Prague, will become in these years in one of the most successful centres of international Mannerism.

Spranger painted few religious theme works, among which stands out the martyrdom of San Juan Evangelista, College Rosminiano, although Yes it made numerous mythological themes, which synthesizes its many experiences through elegant compositions and softness of color. The most prominent among them are Hercules and Omphale, the vengeance of Venus and Venus and Adonis.

His work exerted a great influence in Europe, disclosed by the trip he himself made to the Netherlands, and reproduction in prints that made her Hendrick Goltzius. It can be considered as one of the best examples of the 17TH-century European international Mannerism.

Bibliography

CAMERA MUÑOZ, a.: Mannerism in Italy. Madrid, the wall, 1986.

CHECA CREMADES, f.: Mannerism in Europe. Madrid, 1987.

DUBOIS, C.G.: Mannerism. Barcelona, 1980.

HAUSER, a.: Mannerism, Ed. Guadarrama.

HOCKE, G.R.: The world as labyrinth. Mannerism in art (Madrid, 1961).

WOLF, R.E.: Renaissance and Mannerism. Cerdanyola, 1972.

EAC.


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