Biography of Manuel Abad y Queypo (1751-1825)

Spanish Bishop, born in Villapedre (Asturias) in 1751 and died in Santa María de la Sisla (Toledo) in 1825.

Life

It followed an ecclesiastical career, going on to Guatemala and in 1784 in Michoacan (Mexico), where he defended the rights of the Church and attacked the confiscation of Godoy in 1804. However two representations to the King, in 1799 and 1805, proposed social reforms making it impossible to the revolution. He returned to Spain in 1808, with the Commission request the cancellation or at least suspension of the decree affecting the incomes of Chaplaincy to the public Treasury. Got what he wanted, he returned to America, and two years later was advocated Bishop of Valladolid in Michoacan. Shortly after the insurrection of new Spain erupted, and Abbot was of the party of resistance, being therefore obliged to leave his diocese and take refuge in Mexico. When later developments allowed him to return to Michoacan, not it dealt more in moderate irritation of the spirits and lead them to conciliation. The royalists not forgave him this conduct, and accused him of deserting his party. His excommunication of Hidalgo was posted on September 28, 1810 in the extraordinary Gazette of the Government of Mexico. However, in 1813 he insisted that the damage caused by the revolution had to be distributed equitably between debtors and creditors.

Just proclaimed the restoration of Fernando VII, Abbot and Queypo, which had been openly against the Inquisition, was separated from his chair, embarked for Spain, and imprisoned in Madrid. While it instructed its process, on 20 July 1815 presented a report to the King, entitled "on the enemies that promote the independence of America". By Royal command was presented in Madrid January 8, 1816, to celebrate the days 18 and 21 of that same month two secret meetings with S. M., which resulted in a decree containing liberal and francized forgiveness as well as the dismissal of causes, all which was extending overseas provinces - already pacified or were to be at the end of a month-, and all the insurgents who handed weapons and to submit. Only thus would avoid the separation of America and Spain, and the collapse of the social building. So, not only he managed to retrieve the real grace, but it was almost immediately appointed Minister of Justice.

However, the night of this appointment, Abbot was arrested again by the order of the Inquisitor general, and locked up in a convent. There he hoped his sentence, when the events of 1820 returned him freedom. On March 9, 1820 he was elected member of the provisional junta of Government created until the meeting of the courts, Deputy to Cortes by Asturias (1820-1822), Honorary Minister of State in 1821 and Bishop of Tortosa, elected in 1822.

In such a State he found the reaction of 1823; prisoner was then for the third time as processed by the Inquisition, sentenced to six years in the convent of Santa María de la Sisla (Toledo), where he died.

Bibliography

Other documents in Journal of Barcelona (23 and 24 of April of 1820 [1816]).

National historical archive". Finances, Leg. 229-47 (1810).

ABAD QUEIPO, Manuel. Collection of the most important writings that at different times headed the Government D... (Mexico: 1813).

ALAMAN, Lucas. History of Mexico since the first movements that prepared their independence in the year of 1808 (Mexico: 1849-1852 [5 vols.]).

FREIRE LÓPEZ, Ana María. Bibliographic index of the documentary collection of the Friar. (Madrid: 1983 [No. 2,202, 1811 doc]).

Hernandez and DAVALOS, J. E. collection of documents for the history of the Guerra of the independence of Mexico, 1808-1821. (Mexico: 1877).

Latin American Collection (library of the University of Texas.

PAEZ rivers, Elena. Hispanic iconography. (Madrid: 1966 [vol 5]).

Suarez, Constantino. Asturian writers and artists. (Madrid: 1936).