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Historian and Spanish politician, born in the town of Vich (Barcelona), on 1 October of the year 1888, and died in Barcelona, on January 17, the year 1970, after a bright and extensive professional experience. A member of an old family with a great presence and projection in the agricultural sector of the region Osona, Abadal was nephew of Ramon D'abadal i cauldron, a leading member of the Lliga Regionalista, in which the young Abadal began politically.
He made his university studies at the University of Barcelona, where he graduated brilliantly, after which gained his doctorate at the University of Madrid, in 1911, with the thesis Les deployments a Catalunya durant L´Edat Mitjana, work in which you can appreciate the legacy imprint of his most influential law teacher, Professor Hinojosa and Ureña. Abadal returned to Barcelona to continue his studies in the organism of them Studies University Catalan, where he met another decisive Professor for his future work as a researcher, Professor Rubió i Lluch. Abadal i Vinyals formed part of the Group of young scholars formed under the direct guidance of Rubió i Lluch, and collaborated, along with other great historian, Ferran Valls i Taberner, on the Organization and spread of Catalan giansante studies. Subsequently, he moved to Paris to complete his education, he studied at the school of Chartres and at the school of high studies of the Sorbonne, at the same time he played a thorough work of cataloguing and revision of the Catalan funds belonging to the French National Library. It was from the year 1920 when Abadal i Vinyals began to take an interest and specialise in a field of very specific historical study, the Carolingian Catalonia, namely the catalan Barcelona period, work that earned him international recognition as a historian. In 1922, with the support of the Institute of Catalan studies, he published the critical work of all written documents relating to Catalonia prior to the year 1000.
But the start of the political life of Abadal, in 1917, made its activity as historian was, temporarily, into the background. Member of the Lliga Regionalista, in 1917 and 1921 was elected provincial deputy on behalf of Vich, and participated actively in the management of the Commonwealth of Catalonia, especially in its Department of the Council of education and the school of agriculture. In the year 1922, Abadal founded, together with a large group of dissident progressive Catalans of the lliga Regionalista, Acció Catalan party, who was severely defeated in the elections of the year 1931, sparking a shift within the party purely Republican tendencies and on the left, with the consequent abandonment of the centrist positions defended until then. This circumstance made Abadal to abandon training to return to his old party. In his new political task took charge of the organ of press of the party, the La Veu de Catalunya and founded the newspaper L´Instant.
Owing to the outbreak of the Civil War, Abadal i Vinyals lost all materials that had gathered in his private archives, in addition to forced into exile in Italy. At the end of the war he returned clandestinely to Catalonia. Puig i Cadafalch convinced him to participate in the construction of the Institute of Catalan studies and to begin the great work of gathering all the diplomatic collection of catalan County. In 1948, when he was sixty years of age, Abadal published his first great work, the biography of the Abbot Oliba, moment that ushered in a period of fruitful and very fluid in their publications that masterfully combined the documentary contributions, case studies and works of synthesis and reflection. The main basis of all its investigations resulted in what would become his masterpiece, Catalunya carolingia, based on his research before the war, but sifted by its new concept on how to make history, which moved away enough of the neo-romantic and idealistic grounds advocated by Catalan and Spanish historians of the postwar period, so their budgets raised a controversy among his colleagues. Precisely, the realistic effort proposed in the work of Abadal facilitated the receipt of contributions by new generations of historians of half of century affected more deeply, thanks to the path opened by Abadal in historical questions as important as the articulation of the individual actions of the protagonists of the story with its social referent, as it had shown in the work of the Abbot Oliba; the importance of the economic substrate of political and spiritual enterprises, as in his work the Cuixà monastery; or a chronological demarcation of national personalities. With no less vigor was devoted to denouncing, already input the Decade of the sixties, absorbing nearly all historians on exclusively social and political attention, which meant, according to your point of view, a serious distortion of historical reality total to relegate to the background other approaches or points of research such as studies on demography, institutions, ideological, individual, etc.
Despite his advanced age, Abadal i Vinyals kept his political activity as a member of the Council, deprived of the count of Barcelona, don Juan de Borbón y Borbón, pretender to the Spanish Crown. In 1959, received the award of the Lletra d´Or of Catalan criticism for his historical work. The day before his death the Gold Medal of the Provincial deputation of Barcelona was given.
Scholar of the historical reality of Catalonia taking as a reference the remotest times, its investigation of the past served to deepen and learn even more about the reality present in Catalonia. The level of their work was immense, to the point that his death represented a loss comparable only to the of Vicens Vivesfor the historical science of Catalonia and Spain. Man of unwavering tenacity and a huge ability to overcome adversities, as demonstrated after the loss of all their files, he worked until the day of his death on January 17, the year 1970.
Among all of its huge production, we must highlight the following works: Dels visigots als catalans; Les deployments a Catalunya durant L´Etat Mitjana; L´Abat Oliba, bisbe de Vic and his time; Com neix i creix com a great monestir pirinene abans of l´any thousand, Eixalada-Cuixa; The Kingdom of Tolosa to the Kingdom of Toledo; Els Council of Toledo; The institució Carolingian comtal in the pre-Catalunya del segle IX; The monarchy in the Kingdom of Toledo; Carolingian Catalonia, work structured in three volumes: the Carolingian Catalonia, Els domini diplomes carolingis a Catalunya and Els Comtats de Pallars i Ribagorça; Les primers comtes catalans; The history of Catalunya crucials moments; Pedro the ceremonious and the beginning of the political decline of Catalonia; and Els précédents antics to the history of Catalunya.
Garcia DE VALDEAVELLANO, Luis: "on the death of don Ramón D´Abadal i Vinyals". Bulletin of the Royal Academy of history. CLXXXI.
GRAU, Ramon and LÓPEZ, Marina: Ramon D´Abadal i Vinyals. (Barcelona: Revista Ictineu. 1979).
VV. AA: Ramon D´Abadal i Vinyals. S'organitzaran del centenari de naixement seu. (Barcelona. 1989).