Biography of Miguel Abadía y Méndez (1867-1947)

Writer and Colombian politician, born in Piedras, Tolima on June 5, 1867, and died in La Unión, Cundinamarca on May 9, 1947. Abbey Méndez was the last President of the Republic during the conservative hegemony, between 1926 and 1930. It belonged to the so-called generation of "Presidents grammar", thus called to mean his mastery of rhetoric and language. He/She studied law and political sciences at the Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Señora del Rosario. He/She held the portfolio of public instruction, finance, Foreign Affairs, Government, war and post and telegraph. He/She was a member of the Colombian Academy of jurisprudence and language. He/She held Professor of constitutional law, international law and political economy at the University of Bogota. His Government was characterized by its strict legality. His Government management was confronted with economic problems of great magnitude and corresponded him to face the global economic downturn also affected Colombia and which threatened with financial paralysis and production, during 1929. It employed the appeal of foreign missions to carry out reforms in institutions. During his administration, Abbey and Méndez was concerned about international relations, managing to put an end to three diplomatic issues affecting Colombia. Firstly, normalized limits with the Peru through the exchange of ratifications of the Treaty Lozano-salomon (signed on 24 March 1922 and ratified on March 19, 1928). Secondly, the Treaty signed in Rio de Janeiro between Octavio Mangabeira Brazilian Chancellor and by the Minister Plenipotentiary Laureano García Ortiz, as the representative of Colombia, also normalized the limits with the Brazil. Finally, the Government of Abbey and Méndez managed to ratify the Colombian sovereignty over the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina on March 24, 1928, the Esguerra-Bárcenas Treaty, signed with Nicaragua. During his administration, public order was affected due to the fact that trade union activities were repressed and persecuted, reaching the banana zone massacre in 1928, which put an end to the labour dispute between the United Fruit Company and its workers. Due to this and other problems presented during the Presidency of Miguel Abadía Méndez, the wear and tear of the conservative party, was what made possible the arrival of liberalism to power.