Biography of Abaoji (¿-926)

Military leader of the kitanes, born on date undetermined and deceased in the year 926, founded a State reminiscent of the Empire Chinese neighbor who came to extend more South of the great wall taking advantage of a dynastic crisis situation.

As head of the Yeh-lu, one of the tribes of the semi-nomadic mongol people of the kitanes, Abaoji served as great Khan for three years, and at the end of his mandate led the unification of their nation, reflected in the emergence of a powerful State Kitan established to the North of the great wall of china that he proclaimed himself King. After the fall of the Chinese dynasty Tang (year 907), Abaoji conceived the project of a great empire Chinese-Kitan, later known by the name of Liao. With such an idea was proclaimed emperor (916), named an heir, copied efficient centralized administrative system of the Tang Empire and adopted some Chinese ceremonial customs, but also tried to keep the identity of his people, avoiding cultural assimilation china. The military superiority of the kitanes, whose strength resided mainly in the Cavalry, he allowed Abaoji erect "arbiter" of the situation in the North of China in a moment of extreme weakness by dynasties that succeeded the Tang; taking into account this context, it is understood that his hordes will not find difficulties to frequently pass through the defenses of the great wall. In the year 926, with the excuse of intervening in a domestic dispute, he joined their domains the territory of the present province of Hebei, including the capital Beijing.

After the death of Abaoji, his successors maintained the splendor of the Kitan Empire for more than one century, and in the year 947 Abaoji granted the official title of Liao Tai Zu ('Grand Progenitor of Liao').