Biography of Agustín Abarca (1882-1953)

Chilean painter, born in Talca on 27 December 1882 and died in Santiago de Chile on May 28, 1953. Disciple of Pablo Burchard and Pedro Lira, his work had as main reason the natural landscape, which grew influenced by three artistic movements: romanticism, decoration and especially symbolism.

It was formed in the Lyceum of men and the commercial Institute in his hometown, but he/she devoted himself to painting after meeting Pablo Burchard, in 1900. In 1904 he/she moved to Santiago to study at the Catholic University, where he/she had as a teacher to Pedro Lira until 1907; in the capital also received classes of another one of the great masters of the Chilean painting: Alberto Valenzuela Llanos. In 1909 he/she entered the Academy of fine arts, where he/she received the influence of naturalism spread by its director, the Spanish Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor. Although all of them exerted influence on his art, Abarca acknowledged disciple of Buchard, who inherited the taste for simplicity and austerity in shapes and hues, although it is often included within the generation of 13-alongside artists such as Pedro Luna and Arturo Gordon. Between 1916 and 1927 he/she served as inspector of the Normal School of the southern city of Victoria, and in 1940 he/she taught at the school of fine arts in Viña del Mar.

Agustín Abarca found in the lush forests of the South of Chile the main theme to develop his art, in an attempt to reflect in its landscapes the mystery and poetry that contains nature; This dispenses with detail, flees from Artifice, and is limited to portray the essence of what is offered in your sight. As a main feature of his style, it should be noted rich chromatic varieties which includes a generous touch: from different blues of the sky and Browns of the Earth up to the different colors of the vegetation according to the season of the year (green, yellow, red) and the nuances in the colours light prints on it. Painter friend of solitude, his works also convey some of this feeling; one of his most famous paintings, the lonely, manages to express this feeling in the nostalgia that follows a bare landscape. The human figure and other motifs also appear in some of his works. In addition to the aforementioned, Bosque, olive trees and ponds is are among his most famous paintings. In terms of his technique, he/she worked both oil and watercolor, drawing with charcoal and pastel.

Throughout his career he/she received numerous prizes and awards, among others the first prize of the exhibition of the Academy University Catholic of Chile, in 1907; the second Medal of the Salón del Centenario in the National Museum of fine arts, in 1910; the Edwards contest prize in 1919 and 1925; Prize contest Carmen Enrique Matte white, in 1929; Award category first watercolour of the official Salon, in 1930 and 1938; Prize of honor of the IV centenary of Santiago of Chile; or award of honor of the national Salon, in 1950.