Biography of Joaquín Abarca y Blaque (1780-1844)

Bishop of Leon, born in Huesca in 1780 and died in Lanzo (Turin) in 1844.


He studied philosophy and earned a doctorate in Civil and Canon law at the University of Huesca (apparently); then he/she moved to Madrid to study jurisprudence and graduated in law. He/She worked after lawyer at Huesca, attaining a professorship of civil law and and the office of attorney general near the ecclesiastical court. In 1808 he/she was imprisoned by the French in Zaragoza, as already it was then distinguished by their anti-liberal views. Then won a doctoral Canon plaza at the Cathedral of Tarazona and when, in 1822, Government banished to the Bishop of this diocese, the chapter elected Abarca to direct, but as their opinions had to escape to France, where he/she remained until the fall of the constitutional system.

His great friendship with Calomardemade it his protégé. 27 September 1824 Fernando VII named him Bishop of León, and a few months made him State Councillor. In 1832 his name involved in the events of the lion, forerunners of the beginning of the Carlist War. At the end of October 1832, the Government made him return to his diocese, where escaped on January 18, 1833; It then moved to Portugal, and from there to the headquarters of Don Carlos, who named him universal Minister. During the Carlist War provided great services to the cause, both in France and in England. In 1836 the French were about to arrest him, but he/she was unable to reach the Basque country provinces. That same year, Gregory XVI given jurisdiction over the priests and religious incommunicado, for religious reasons, their ordinary. On 16 February the Liberals condemned you to death in absentia, but with the condition of that if it was you, before they should hear him, circumstances that you tried to challenge the Attorney José Alonso without success. In 1839, estranged Abarca with Maroto, was forced to emigrate again; Subsequently, the infante Don Carlos met with him in exile.


PAEZ rivers, Elena. Hispanic iconography. (Madrid: 1966 [vol 5]).

Spanish panorama. (Madrid: 1842, I, [pp. 74-75]).

Alberto Gil Novales.