Biography of José Mariano de Abásolo (1783-1812)

Military Mexican follower of the movement of the priest Hidalgo, born in 1783, in pain, in the State of Guanajuato, in the bosom of a wealthy family.

He devoted himself to a military career and joined the regiment of dragons provincial de la Reina in San Miguel el Grande, where he attained the rank of captain. In 1806 he went to Mexico with his regiment, and 6 months later he returned to San Miguel. Subsequently, he joined San Juan de los Llanos, and in 1808 was again in San Miguel. Abasolo married María Manuela de Rojas Taboada, Chamacuero, whose endowment increased its flow considerably, since it was the owner of several haciendas. On September 16, 1810 joined the movement of Hidalgo, handed the weapons of his regiment and left Dolores with other insurgents towards San Miguel. He was appointed Colonel in Celaya. On 28 September is presented with Ignacio Camargo to the city of Guanajuato, with a communication from Hidalgo who intimidated the Riaño Mayor to surrender. Abasolo did not participate in the attack on the Alhondiga de Granaditas, because he was visiting to a friend of his, Pedro Otero. He subsequently entered Valladolid accompanying Hidalgo. In October, obtained the degree of field-marshal, the reorganized the army insurgent in Acámbaro. He took part in the battle of Monte de las Cruces, where he sent a wing of the insurgent army. Calleja put price on his head, and Venegas approved this measure. After the battle of San Jerónimo Aculco, went to Guanajuato with Allende, Balleza, Jiménez and Arias, and hence retired to Guadalajara. In January 1811, after defeat insurgent at the bridge of Calderón, turned to Zacatecas, road towards the United States of America, as well as other leaders of the movement. The Board convened in Saltillo by Allende, Abasolo was appointed as Chief of the forces that there should be to keep the movement, but did not accept. It seems that this was due to his wife, who had reached him in the city and had gotten him a safe-conduct of Calleja. Fell prisoner of the realists who commanded Elizondo in Acatita of fall in March 21, 1811, together with other important insurgent leaders, and led him to Chihuahua, where he was tried the following month. In order to save themselves, in their statements, he accused the other insurgents, especially in Hidalgo and Allende, and was the originator of that fusilara to José María Chico. By their attitude and the pleas of his wife, the viceroy not sentenced him to the death penalty but sentences that should be met in the Peninsula. His home in Dolores was sacked by Flon, and their farms were devastated. In 1812, he embarked with his wife to Spain. He died on April 14 in the castle of Santa Catalina de Cádiz.