Biography of Fray Agustín Íñigo Abbad y Lasierra (1754-1813)

Spanish religious, born in Estadilla (Huesca) 19 April 1745 and died 13 October 1813 in Ribarroja (Valencia).

Life

Son of Francisco Abbad and María Teresa Lasierra, historian younger brother Manuel Abbad y Lasierra, studied philosophy at the University of Zaragoza, became Benedictine in the monastery of Nájera, continued the study of philosophy in the College of San Juan de Poyo (Pontevedra). In the Irache University he studied theology and Canon law, after which he graduated master of Arts and PhD in theology and canyons.

In 1775, the new Bishop of Puerto Rico, fray Manuel Jiménez Pérez, appointed him as his confessor and Secretary of the diocese, and took it with him. The Diocese of Puerto Rico included, in addition to the island, Trinidad and Margarita, and Tierra Firme the provinces of Cumaná, Orinoco and new Barcelona. The visit required of such extensive diocese, together with their own hobbies of humanist, Abbad gave a great American experience. In 1783 it was qualifier of the Holy Office, which allowed him to travel and make sure that the descriptions of Willian Roberston The history of America (London, 1777) and the Jesuit Miguel Venegas did not conform to reality. The wording of the first part of the description of the coasts of California, he graduated in 1783 after numerous legal avatars.

Returned to Spain in 1786, published by order of the count of Floridablanca, the geographical, natural, and civil history of the island of San Juan Bautista de Puerto Rico (Madrid, 1788 - written in 1782 - [new eds. in Puerto Rico, 1831 and 1866, and Madrid, 1886]). Also author of relationship of the discovery, conquest and population of provinces and coasts of Florida, written in 1785 and published in Madrid in 1885 (the work was sold to the weight, so only one copy is known).

The Grand Inquisitor gave him the cross of the Supreme Benedictine Congregation qualifier, he was appointed mitrado Abbot of San Pedro Besalú (Gerona), and in February 1790 Carlos IV presented to Bishop of Barbastro (Aragon), city in which he his public entry the 17 October 1790 to the episcopal Chair for twenty-three years. Shortly after, he founded a library in the Palacio episcopal which opened to the public in 1802. During the war of independence, stood against the French; one of his most famous acts was the patriotic-Pastoral Ministry which gave in CASTEJÓN del Puente May 30, 1808, which was published in the mercantile Journal of Cadiz, nºs 222 and 223, 17 and 18 August 1808.

Consulted by the Central Board on the future Constitution, he drafted a report, dated August 22, 1809, where he bowed by the Spanish people's right to be a Constitution, which was the restoration of the ancient Spanish political representation, with "English" reading, separation of powers and three arms, all on a Christian basis in Villa del Rey. In 1813 the Regency introduced him as Archbishop of Valencia, who did not occupy. He died in Valencia on October 24, 1813.

Among his writings are:

Relationship of discovery, conquest and population of provinces and coasts of Florida. (Madrid: 17859.) Geographic, civil and political history of the island of San Juan Bautista de Puerto Rico. (Madrid:1788). Description of the California coast. (Madrid: C.S.I.C., 1981).

Manuscripts:

Historical-geographical description of the California and its coasts and Islands to the Strait of Amian, formed over land and sea journeys more accurate Spanish, English and Russian. (1783). Description of the coasts of Northern and Southern California to Amian Strait... (Madrid: 1793).

Bibliography

Mercantile Journal of Cadiz (cit.)

ARTOLA GALLEGO, Miguel. The Spain of Fernando VII (Madrid: 1968).

PALAU Y DULCET, Antonio. American bookseller manual (Barcelona: 1948-1977 [2nd ed.]).