Biography of Nicola Abbagnano (1901-1990)

Italian Existentialist philosopher. He studied in Naples, as a disciple of A. Aliotta. After teaching for three years, he taught history of philosophy in the University of Turin. Was one of the first who faced Italy in the themes of Existentialism, contributing thus to overcome the dominance of idealism. After the second world war, he came to American pragmatism and utilitarianism. Its positive Existentialism wants to be a synthesis between these trends and the theme of Existentialism. Against nihilism of other authors, Abbagnano proposes a notion of existence as can be, that the man carries out, albeit with risks, through the use of reason, understood as the capacity to invent new techniques. Main works: Le sorgenti irrazionali del pensiero (1923), the physical nuova (1934), Il beginning della metafisica (1936), La struttura dell'esistenza (1939), which can be considered his main work, Introduzione all'esistenzialismo (1942), philosophy, religione, scienza (1948), positive Esistenzialismo (1948). Historiographical activity are the result the following monographs: Il nuovo idealism English and American (1927), Guglielmo di Ockham, Telesio (1941), and Storia della philosophy (3 vol., 1946). He also wrote a Dizionario di philosophy (1960), and many other studies.


ABBAGNANO, N.: Philosophy possible, Mexico, F. C. E., 1959.

ABBAGNANO, N.: Introduction to Existentialism, Mexico, F. e. c., 1975.

ABBAGNANO, N.: Dictionary of philosophy, F. C. E., Mexico, 1987.

FERRATER MORA, j.: Current philosophy, Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 1973.

FERRATER MORA, j.: Dictionary of philosophy, 4 vols., Madrid, Alianza Editorial.

FONTAN JUBERO, p.: Existencialismos: keys to understanding, Madrid, Editorial chisel, 1988.

URMSON, J. O.: Concise encyclopedia of fitosofia and philosophers, Madrid, Editorial Chair, 1979.

WAHL, j.: History of Existentialism, Buenos Aires, Editorial Deucalion, 1954.