Biography of Abbas El Fassi (1940 -VVVV)

Moroccan politician, born in Berkane, Morocco, on September 18, 1940. Prime Minister of Morocco since September 17, 2007.

He studied primary and secondary in Kenitra and Tangier. Later, he studied law at Mohamed V University in Rabat, which came to preside over the General Union of students in Morocco (UGEM). In 1972, was Secretary general of the Moroccan League of the rights of man, during the reign of Hassan II, which was characterized by repression as a result two military coup attempts. From 1975 he served as President of the Council of the College of lawyers of Rabat, position that he held for two years.

In 1974 he was elected member of the Committee Executive of the independence party (Istiqlal), which reinforced its commitment to the policy. This party had fought against the French and Spanish colonialism in 1956, allied with the King Mohammed V. It was founded in 1943 by Allal El Fassi, first cousin of the father of Abbas El Fassi, and also his father-in-law, and that his wife is one of his daughters.

10 October 1977 and under the tutelage of Mohammed Boucetta took the portfolio of housing and spatial planning in the Government formed by Ahmen Osman, put in which did not relay this affect you by Maâti Bouabid. In 1981 it was repositioned in front of the Ministry of handicraft and Social Affairs, in a period of dictatorship by the King, caused by the popular revolt against the economic austerity plan negotiated with the IMF and the strong police repression.

In the legislative elections of September 14, 1984, Fassi was one seat per Larache in the House of representatives, in a supposedly democratic election. His experience in parliamentary politics was brief, since October 1, 1985 he became Ambassador to Tunisia and Permanent Representative to the Arab League. Five years later took charge of the Embassy in France.

In 1994 Fassi left his post of Ambassador to Mohammed Berrada and returned to Rabat. After a short political retirement, on February 22, 1998 it took office as Secretary general of Istiqlal, charge for which he was elected by the National Committee at the 13th Congress of the party. Fassi said the participation of the Istiqlal in the new coalition Government formed by Royal mandate and which was made charge Abderrahman El Youssoufi, head of the USFP.

During the reign of Mohammed VI, Fassi was Minister of employment, vocational training, Social development and solidarity. Its return to State was marked by a scandal happened in 2002 with a sea freight of the UAE company called An-Najat Marine Shiping, which breached the offer of 30,000 contracts of employment to young Moroccans, previous disbursement of 900 dirhams. Despite the warnings of the Moroccan press that the company was not legit, Fassi stubbornly for upcoming elections, gave publicity to the working project and endorsed the solvency of the same. In the end all it turned out to be a scam, the company took money from candidates and jobs were fictitious. Some government officials were prosecuted and four of the candidates committed suicide by debts incurred by payment to pass the tests.

Fassi resigned after the scandal, nor was not dismissed; However, its ministerial management continued into question, especially after the delay to set up an agreement with Spain on the immigration issue, in 2001, that it would have been the departure of 20,000 regularized workers but that, finally, was aborted by the Spanish-Moroccan diplomatic crisis of that year.

The Istiqlal recovered in the elections of September 2002 and became the 48 members, within walking distance of the USFP, and above, although little, of the moderate Islamists of the justice and development (PJD) that agreed to negotiate with the King. However, Fassi lost the chance to reach the head of the Government by the scandal with An-Najat company. Mohammed VI chose a technocrat and entrepreneur named Driss Jettou, Interior Minister in the previous Cabinet. In November of that year, Jettou formed a Government sexpartito, with Fassi as Minister of State without portfolio.

In November 2006, two of the candidates affected by the fraud of An-Najat Fassi denounced before the Attorney General of the King by allow fraud and influence peddling, but not served at all, since the complaint was delayed in the Court of appeal of Rabat, which Fassi was spared prosecution.

Despite the large social impact of the scandal of the false contracts, the Istiqlal surprisingly won the general elections on September 7, 2007, and Fassi was elected Deputy for Larache. In these elections, the participation was only 37%, the lowest level in the electoral history of Morocco, in addition, 19% of votes were null and white.

After the election, Mohammed VI had to deliver on its promise to elect the new head of Government from the party with parliamentary majority, i.e. the Istiqlal. The press and the political scene of the country thought that the King would choose one of the heavier of the party as the Ministers Adil Douiri, Karim Ghellab, or Ahmed Taoufiq Hejira. But by surprise, the designation for such post fell on September 19, 2007 at the general Secretary of the party: Abbas El Fassi, which the King praised for their patriotism, their commitment and their responsibility in their functions.

Fassi presented the new Government on 30 September 2007, which was based on the validity of Jettou coalition. The PJD was completely marginalized in the formative process of the Cabinet. Note that the presence of women increased significantly, since has switched to two Deputy Ministers of the outgoing Government to five Ministers with portfolio and two Secretaries of State.