Lawyer and Palestinian politician, born on March 26, 1935 in Safed, Galilee. He/She was President (rais) of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA).
In 1948, in the midst of the Arab-Israeli conflict which led to the creation of the State of Israel, the family of Abbas moved to Syria. There he/she studied and graduated from the University of Damascus, before going to Egypt to study law. In the 1970s used a grant for studies at the Moscow State University where he/she received a doctorate for his controversial thesis "the other side: the secret relationship between Nazism and the movement Zionist" (The Other Side: The Secret Relationship Between Nazism and the Zionist Movement).
Abbas took part, with the codename Abu Mazen, in the Foundation of the political organization Fatah, founded in Kuwait in the year 1957, under the leadership of Yasser Arafat. This group responded to the objectives of the Organization for the liberation of Palestine (OLP), that he/she aspired to build an independent Arab State to defend the territory and integrity of the Palestinian people. The movement gained revolutionary dyes by declaring itself independent of any Arab country and all religious and foreign authority.
Abbas began to manage the finances of the movement, moving away from the political and military activities. In the 1970s was an active member of the liberation front of Palestine (FLP); and in 1981, he/she joined as Member elected into the Executive Committee of the PLO, participated in the Oslo and Madrid peace talks in 1991 and 1993, respectively, being one of the first officials of the PLO to recognize Israel as a State. In 1993 he/she participated in the Palestinian group that escorted Arafat to the White House for the signing of the peace agreement.
In 1996 he/she was appointed Secretary general of the Executive Committee of the PLO, appointment which was considered a condition to be able to implement the so-called "roadmap", driven by the United States in conjunction with the United Nations, European Union and Russia.
On April 29, 2003, at the age of 69, he/she was appointed Prime Minister. Its mandate was hampered by hard political confrontations with Arafat and radical factions, at the same time that it was considered by the United States and Ariel Sharon the ideal representative to negotiate the end of terrorism in the region. They expected of it that it could counteract the powers of Arafat while is accused him of betraying a national symbol, but the conciliatory attitude exhibited by Abbas was the cause for which the Palestinians saw him as too close to Israel. He/She resigned on September 6, 2003, to the inability to achieve significant concessions by Israel.
The prospects for implementation of the "roadmap", the plan of pacification of the area, were diluting for breach of commitments by both parties. but the death of Arafat in Paris, on 11 November 2004, they changed circumstances, and was named President of the ANP to Abbas a few hours had occurred the death of the Palestinian leader.
General elections were held in 2006, and political organization Hamas won the majority of votes, over Fatah and the 12 lists that arose, which led to the immediate resignation of the cabinet led by Prime Minister Ahmed Qureia.
Abbas accepted the resignation and immediately called on the opposition party, Hamas to form a coalition Government, but before the resignation, warned the Hamas organization, October 8, 2006, that he/she would call new elections if they did not accept to integrate the formula with other political factions.
77.6% of the 1.35 million Palestinians called to vote participated in the elections, they were the second Palestinian legislative elections of the history, and the first held in the Gaza Strip, West Bank and Jerusalem, in the last ten years.
Frustrated negotiations with Fatah to form a national unity Executive, Prime Minister Ismail Haniya presented a Cabinet made up of independent technocrats and key figures of the fundamentalist movement, and 28 the camera gave him approval...