Biography of King of la taifa de Córdoba Abd al-Malik al-Mansur (ca. 1035-1070)

King of the taifa of Córdoba, born about 1035 and died on the island of Saltés (Huelva) July 27, 1070. It completely changed the course of the policy of his predecessors to exercise power in a sovereign manner. Under his rule the taifa of Córdoba was conquered by Muhammad Ibn Abbad of Seville and disappeared as an independent political entity.

Belonged to the family of the Banu Yahwar, Member of the highest aristocracy of Cordoba and entroncados with the Banu Abi Abda, customers of the Umayyads of Damascus. Son of Muhammad al-Rasid, which had ruled the taifa of Córdoba only with the title of vizier, in 1063 took power before the illness of his father and his inability to continue ruling.

Despite not being the firstborn, his father had named Abd al - Malik Prince heir, while his older brother should take care of the financial realm, as taking care of the tax inspection and control officials. The control of the army facilitated Abd al - Malik his rise to power. Contrary to the custom of his predecessors, Abd al - Malik took the titles of du l-sidayatayn ('of the two manors' - military and civilian-), al - Mansur bi-llah ('the victorious by God') and al - Zafir bi-fadl Allah ('the winner by the favor of God') and made to proclaim his name in the official prayers. With his rise to power, he snatched his brother the powers handed down by al - Rasid and confined him at his home with continuous monitoring.

He had inherited a stable Kingdom in the interior and abroad thanks to the policy of his predecessors, but his line of political action at all had to do with these, since their decisions resulted in the deterioration of the internal situation and the rupture of the neutrality in foreign policy. Cordoba proliferated corruption and insecurity, as a result of that Abd al - Malik had surrounded by corrupt and ambitious officials grew. Also Abd al - Malik put troops in the service of the regulos of Carmona and round against the taifa of Arcos King, until the first two were annexed by Seville (1066). This made Córdoba entered in the quarrels of the taifas game; Since that time Seville and Toledo did not cease trying to occupy it, despite its good relations with Abbad of Seville, with whom he maintained a correspondence and interviews and to whose policy the cordovan monarch bowed faithfully. In fact, Abd al - Malik had served the interests of Abbad even in life of al - Rasid, ordering that he asesinase to his vizier, Ibn Al-Saqqa, posed an obstacle to the plans of the Sevillian.

Initially when Yahya Ibn Ismail of Toledo asked Muhammad Ibn Abbad of Seville to conquer Cordoba Seville King got a promise of collaboration, however, after his death in 1069 Abbad was succeeded by Muhammad Ibn Abbad and the King of Toledo, lost the hope of the Alliance with Seville, joined the action on their own and embarked on the conquest of the Palacio del bailío. Abd al - Malik had only brought together a small number of riders for the defense, so had to request the help of the new ruler of Seville, which sent a large army to the city, able to withdraw to the Toledo in their attempts of conquest. But once in Cordoba Seville troops realized the weakness of the reigning dynasty and proclaimed sovereign Muhammad Ibn Abbad of Cordoba in June of 1070.

Abd al - Malik and his family were banished to the island of Saltés, where the deposed King barely survived a month. Chroniclers load the inks on the negative characteristics of his personality and invariably brand it oppressor and tyrant.

Bibliography

JOVER ZAMORA, j. m. (coord.). "The Taifa kingdoms. Al - Andalus in the 11th century,"in history of Spain Menéndez Pidal, vol. VIII-I. Madrid, Espasa Calpe, 1994.

LÓPEZ DE COCA CASTAÑER, J. E. "The Taifa kingdoms", in history of Andalusia, vol. II. Madrid-Barcelona, 1980.