Biography of Califa de al-Andalus Abd al-Rahman o Abderramán V (1002-1024)

Tenth cordovan Caliph of al - Andalus (1023-1024), brother of Muhammad II Al - Mahdi (1009-1010), born in Córdoba in 1002 and died in the same city in 1024, executed by his successor Muhammad III (1023-1025). Great-grandson of the great Caliph Abd al-Rahman III (912-961), had the honour to restore the Caliphate to the Umayyad dynasty, although his reign was the shortest - only forty-seven days - the history of al - Andalus.

After the expulsion of the Caliph al-Qasim ibn Hammudhammudid, September 9, 1023, Córdoba decided to again trust their destinies in a Prince of Umayyad origin. December 2 proceeded to the election of Caliph among the three possible candidates, all of them descendants of Abd al-Rahman III direct: Sulayman, son of the late Caliph Abd al-Rahman IV Al - Murtada (1018); Muhammad ben al - Iraqi; and, finally, Abd al - Rahman ben Hisham ben Abd al-Chabbar. When everything did foresee that the choice would fall on the first of them, Abd al - Rahman made a spectacular force in the Aljama mosque entrance, accompanied by an impressive military apparatus, act with which won the crowd there gathered. The suitor was immediately recognized by all and enthroned as Caliph with the title or laqab of al - Mustazhir bi-llah (' the one who implores relief wing').

Despite having some capacity for policy and own a great culture and artistic sensibility (was the author of some verses of indubitable stylistic beauty), his young age and inexperience in the Affairs of State, as well as its lack of authority to impose in a period of crisis as pressing as he/she was in luck caused its rapid defenestration.

Abd al-Rahman V was able to surround himself with advisers of worth, as Abu Amir ben Shuhayd, Abd al - Wahhub ben Hazam and writer Ali Ibn Hazam (author of the magnificent work of the necklace of the dove), but time lacked to restore the tradition of the great amirs and Caliphs of his dynasty, as it was its purpose.

Abd al-Rahman V inherited a Caliphate with the Treasury completely fleeced. Low income that could gather just arrived to pay half of all officials who had recruited. Such panorama induced you, against their principles and willingness, to initiate a series of expeditions illegal to collect money, which earned him the enmity of the petty bourgeoisie and the estates lower Cordoba, two groups that were the hardest hit. In addition, as I also had a moderately competent army to confront any foreign attack, the Caliph welcomed signs of joy a Berber squad that arrived to Cordoba to offer their services. Such recklessness was enough to trigger a violent riot in Cordoba. The population cornered and ill-treated the hated African for, then invade the caliphal Palace. Abd al-Rahman V tried to evade the wrath of the mad mob, and hid in the wood shell intended for the Royal baths. In the heat of the revolt, the rioters found in Palace to another Member of the Umayyad family, also great-grandson of Abd al-Rahman III, called Muhammad ben Abd al - Rahman ben Ubayd Allah, which had hidden fearing for his own life. Without such further ask you your opinion, the rioters cheered as Caliph Umayyad and crowned him the day of the coup, from January 17, 1024. The first measure taken by the new sovereign, which is hanging with the laqab of al - Mustakfi bi-llah (' the one who is satisfied with Ala'), was brought to its predecessor to his presence and ordered his immediate execution.


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