Biography of Ahmed Abdallah (1919-1989)

Politician President of his country in 1975 and again from 1978 to 1989, born on June 12, 1919 in Anjouan and died on November 26, 1989 in Moroni, Comoros. His full name is Ahmed Abdallah Abderemane.

Origin devoted to the business (inherited a lucrative family business of export of vanilla), agreed to the National Council of the Islands in 1946. In 1953 he attended the Assembly of the French Union, and between 1959 and 1972, represented Comoros at the French Senate, and the island of Anjouan (Nzwani current) in the Chamber of deputies of the autonomous territory. In 1973 he was appointed head of a coalition Government, on behalf of the party for the independence and unity of Comoros, training went on to lead in 1974. From this position he faced the French authorities, who wanted to negotiate independence with each of the four islands. On July 6, 1975, the Chamber of Deputies unilaterally proclaimed the independence of the archipelago. Abdallah became first President, Prime Minister and Minister of justice functions.

However on August 3 following the left-wing opposition leader Ali Soilih led a coup and formed a national Executive Council, chaired by S. M. Gaffar (installed President in 1976), forcing Abdallah to exile in France. Determined to regain power, his personal fortune allowed him to recruit a force of white mercenaries led by Frenchman Bob Denard that overthrew Soilih, who was killed in the operation in 1978.

After his triumphal return on May 21, 1978, he proclaimed the Federal Republic and Comoros Islamic, joined the Presidency the portfolios of Defense, justice and Civil Service, and convened a presidential election on 23 October, by way of endorsement, which won under his sole candidacy. Finally, in 1979 he introduce the regime of single party, the Comoresa Union for progress (UCP). The approval of the French Government to the Abdallah regime was demonstrated with visits made to Paris in October and November 1981, despite evidence of its support for mercenaries, in alleged collusion with Government in murky business of arms trafficking and corruption.

According to the Constitution of 1978, on September 30, 1984 presidential elections, which gave him a second six-year term without opposition, were held. The 22 March 1987 legislative silliest between intimidation and arrests of opponents. In 1989 approved a constitutional amendment allowing Abdallah to remain in power for a third term. But on November 26 of that year a plot led by the Commander in Chief of the army, Ahmed Mohammed, conjured with Denard's mercenaries, ended the life of Abdallah, assassinated apparently by elements of his personal bodyguard, or according to other sources by the own mercenaries. The President of the Supreme Court, Said Mohammed Djohar replaced it.

ROZ