Cuban avant-garde painter, born in San Antonio de Baños (Havana) in 1889 and died in the Cuban capital in 1864. He/She began working in a tobacco company located in his hometown, but he/she left this job to receive a scholarship to study at the Academy of Art San Alejandro in Cuba, in which he/she graduated in 1921.
That same year he/she made his first trip to Europe, specifically to Spain, where he/she remained until 1924. To expand its art and its cultural horizons, also lived in Paris between 1927 and 1929. There he/she came into contact with a large number of Cuban avant-garde writers and artists. After experimenting with various modern styles, Abela created his own although influenced by Julius Pascin and Marc Chagall. His stay in Paris culminated in the exhibition of his work in the Gallery Zak, in November 1929. Later returned to exhibit along with the most important artists of the era, such as Pascini, Picasso, Matisse, Kissling, or Chirico.
When he/she returned to Cuba, began working at newspapers like the night and the daily Cuban, where his drawings achieved great popularity. He/She later worked for the week magazine and the newspaper La Marina, where he/she created his cartoon Bobo, representing the Cuban public and, in particular, characterized and criticizing the Government of Gerardo Machado.
In the second half of the 1930s, Abela returned to painting, influenced at this stage of his life by the early Renaissance and the rural Mexican movement. He/She also came to an idealistic vision of the Cuban landscapes. With this spirit it came to represent what one called "the pure Criollo", which was the culmination of his painting for Aspen. In 1937 he/she was appointed appointed director of the free study of painting and sculpture of Havana. His teachings focused on the students forget the academic taught in art schools. He/She was one of the first Cuban painters to realize that it was necessary to break with all of the above to arrive at a new conception of painting.
During the Decade of the 1940s, Abela served Cuba as Cultural Attaché in Mexico (1941-1946) and Guatemala (1947-1952). However, after serving as a diplomat, he/she again felt the need to paint and began a new pictorial stage known as the "magic period" that lasted more than ten years, and in which liked to represent a fantasy world inhabited by women, children and animals.
His paintings have been exhibited in Cuba, Spain, France, Mexico and Guatemala, and many of them are part of private collections in the world. ABELA got numerous awards throughout his career as a painter, including the awards from national salons in 1938 and 1956. One of his main works is entitled the rape of Europe.