Biography of Aben Humeya (1520-1569)

Spanish Moorish nobleman, born in 1520 and died to 1569, whose real name was Fernando de Córdoba and value. A descendant of the family of the Umayyad, abjure Christianity in 1568, to produce the lifting of Moorish Granada in December of that year, and went on to become the Chief of the insurrection whose aim was to emancipate from the sovereignty of Felipe II. He adopted the name of Aben Humeya and his followers named him King of Granada and Cordoba.

He organized a powerful army, in front of which placed his uncle Aben Jalmar and his main opponent Farax, descendant of the noble family of the Abencerrages. Farax tried to enlist the support of the people of Granada, but was unsuccessful, so from that moment, the uprising focused in Las Alpujarras. Meanwhile, Felipe II sent, already in 1569, the Marquis of Mondéjar and the Marquis of los Vélez, to put an end to the revolt. Disputes between the two Christian leaders led to the paralysis of the armies of Felipe II and facilitated the expansion of the revolt to other regions. Faced with this situation, the King changed strategy and military commanders replaced. Don Juan of Austria was appointed general Chief of the armies, while Luis of Requesens was delivered a powerful fleet in order to cut the supply of arms and mercenaries coming to the rebels from North Africa and Turkey.

The good understanding between Juan of Austria and Luis of Requesens caused a definite change in the development of the conflict. From that moment, the war was decanted from the Christian side. In a short time, Aben Humeya was defeated and had to seek refuge in the Sierra Nevada. The Grenadian leader sought to reorganize their forces, but the military defeat caused that divisions arise among his followers, many of whom lost confidence in their leader. Finally, the opposition faction of Aben Humeya was imposed, murdered the Grenadian leader and instead placed his cousin, Aben Aboo. This continued the war, achieving some success until 1571, date in which the unstoppable advance of Juan of Austria ended up crushing the uprising.

As an immediate consequence of this uprising, Felipe II ordered the deportation of Moorish Granada to other points of the peninsula, breach of promises made by the Catholic monarchs (Fernando II, King of Aragon and Castilla V e Isabel I, Queen of Castile and León) Muslims from Granada.

The uprising of Moorish Granada.