Biography of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1936-VVVV)

Politically and militarily Tunisian, born in 1936 in Hammam Sousse.

Son of a port worker, was educated in the school Military Academy of Saint - Cyr (France) and at the school of artillery of Chalons-sur-Marme; He/She later completed her education in the United States, where he/she took a course in electronic engineering. He/She was head of the military security (1958-74) and at the end of his term of office was three years as military attaché in Morocco. He/She returned to his country to take charge of national security with the Government of Nouira and in April 1980, he/she was appointed Ambassador in Warsaw. In October 1984 he/she was appointed to the State Secretary of national security and a year later became a ministerial Cabinet. It played an important role in dismantling of fundamentalist Islamic tendency movement attempts. Minister of the Interior from April 1986, in October of that year was appointed Prime Minister by President Bourguiba, who would replace at the head of State on November 7, 1987, when it was declared incapacitated by a medical board. Ben Ali carried out a wide range of policy measures (multi-party) and economic (privatization). It was confirmed in the Presidency in the elections of April 1989, in which the sole candidate, Ben Ali, was re-elected for the 99% of the votes and again in the March 1994. Worker tireless, tough and disciplined, during its management fought with expeditious methods the regrowth and flare-up of violence of Islamic fundamentalism.

In the month of May 2002 convened a constitutional referendum that allowed him to choose two new mandates and granted him lifetime criminal immunity. The 2004 presidential and legislative elections perpetuated the political positions of the country. The President won an upper back to 94% of the votes to start his fourth consecutive term, while his political party, the democratic constitutional rally (RCD), achieved the triumph with 152 of 189 seats in Parliament.