Biography of Roque Blanco Ablán (1906-1943)

Patriot and leader Philippine guerrilla, born in Laoag (province of Ilocos Norte, Luzon) in 1906 and died in January 1943 in an indeterminate place, who led a group of resistance against the Japanese during the second world war, built in one of the top Filipino heroes from the contest.

Born in a humble family although cultivated, Roque Ablán completed secondary studies in his hometown and in 1924 moved to Manila to study philosophy and law at the University of Havana, but the economic means by itself. During the University highlighted by its capacity of leadership and organizational concerns, which led him to preside over several student organizations. Once graduation in law (1930) returned to Laoag, where he began to practice law. After the proclamation of the Philippine Autonomous regime of the Commonwealth (1934) began to be interested in politics, and in 1938 won the square of Governor of Ilocos Norte. Apparently, Ablan showed genuine concern for the well-being of the population and the development of the province, promoting the construction of a public hospital that later carried their name, a Normal School, or peasant cooperatives, projects that earned him the re-election for a second term in that position.

After the Japanese landings on Luzon (December 1941), Roque Ablán left the office of Governor in Laoag and joined the groups guerrilla organized in the interior of the province to continue to fight the invading troops. In January 1942 he founded together with Lieutenant Feliciano Madamba group of resistance North of Luzon, unit that was also nurtured with the Filipino and American soldiers who had escaped Bataan. In addition to commanding successfully several raids against the Japanese garrisons of Ilocos Norte, Ablan ran continue to maintain a structure of Government and administrative nominally dependent of the Philippine Government in exile headed by Manuel Quezón and sustained by the material support of the U.S. Army controlled territories under their control. Thanks to the effectiveness of this clandestine organization Ablan and his men unable to resist for several months the harassment of media, at the same time launching counter-attacks which caused serious disruptions in the enemy and forces Japanese, far superior in number.

In early December 1942, having launched a raid against the Japanese base of Pampaniki, Ablan departed for Cagayan to meet with Governor Marcelo Adduru, but due to die on the road because of an ambush or after being captured and later executed by the Japanese. His death made him appear on the frontispiece of the martyrs of the war and become a paradigm of patriotic exaltation, as well reflected in some of his own words: "as I hate myself for having only a life which my country [...]". His son, Roque Ablán Junior, also continued his political career.