Biography of Abrahán Bedersi (ca.1230-ca.1300)

Jewish poet, born at Béziers around 1230, and died around the year 1300. He/She spent much of his life in Perpignan, then under the Crown of Aragon. Apparently, wrote a few letters of the community of Perpignan to the aljama of Barcelona asked to intercede by it before the Bishop of Huesca, Chancellor of the King, by tax issues and a problem of denunciations. It was his son Yedaya has-Penini, and protected (and rival) his Isaac Gorní. The three are among the most illustrious Hebrew poets of Provence. In 1285, he/she had to leave Perpignan and took refuge in Narbonne.

When Alfonso X addressed to Beaucaire to meet with Pope Gregory Xin 1275, Abrahán Bedersí was in Perpignan, where he/she exchanged poetic correspondence with Alfonso Court Rab, the already elderly Todros ben José Abulafia, who had accompanied him to that city and had been left in her accompanying the Queen. In his poem hereby has-mithappeket, 'The sword that turns', becomes magazine the last poets and of its time. Among other things, Abraham Todros wrote a parody of the narration that is read on the feast of the Passover, then continued by this. He/She wrote also numerous poems and satires. Somewhat artificial and Mannerist, his poetry shows the influence of the troubadours. Cultivated, for example, the debates in the style of strained it. In some cases, there are doubts whether poems attributed to him are his own or his son Yedaya has-Penini.


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DAVIDSON, I. Parody in Jewish Literature. (New York: 1907).

ITZHAQI, M., GAREL, M. garden d'Eden Jardins d'Espagne. Poésie hébraïque medievale en Espagne et en Provence. Anthologie bilingual. (Paris: Seuil, 1993).